It’s not enough to share your research data. It’s important to make sure that other people can cite it! Providing a way for researchers to cite your dataset when they use it facilitates data discovery and helps ensure you get credit for your work. Citing data recognizes data as a substantial output of the research process, encourages reproducible work, and allows for citation and impact analysis, just like an article.
You can provide a citation to your data for others to use by including it in the README file for your data, or you can create a special citation file. Providing a citation helps others cite the data in the way that you want them to.
Elements of a citation to include:
- Creator/author: Who were the major contributors to the data?
- Title: Give a descriptive title for the dataset. Article supplemental datasets may include the title of the article that the data is related to: “Data for [article title]”
- Publisher: Where is the data hosted?
- Publication date
- Persistent identifier: A persistent identifier, such as a digital object identifier (DOI), provides a permanent locator that points to your dataset; it may be provided by the data repository in which your data is stored.