Guide to the Personal Archive of Rainer Weiss
MC.0517

Summary Information

Repository
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Institute Archives and Special Collections
Creator
Weiss, Rainer
Title
Rainer Weiss personal archive
ID
MC.0517
Date [inclusive]
1946-1999
Extent
36.0 cubic feet (111 manuscript boxes, 1 flat box)
Location
Materials are stored off-site. Advance notice is required for use.
Language
English

Citation

Rainer Weiss Personal Archive, MC 517, box X. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Institute Archives and Special Collections, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

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Biography

Rainer Weiss, 1932 --, earned an SB in physics in 1955 and a PhD in physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1962. He was an instructor and assistant professor of physics at Tufts University 1960-1962, at Princeton University from 1962 to 1964 before joining the faculty at MIT where he was assistant professor of physics, 1964-1967; associate professor of physics, 1967-1973; professor of physics, 1973-2002; and emeritus, 2002-present. At MIT he was also affiliated with the Research Laboratory of Electronics, and later with the Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research.

from the Department of Physics faculty page: http://web.mit.edu/physics/people/faculty/weiss_rainer.html

Research interests of Rainer Weiss included experimental atomic physics, atomic clocks, laser physics, experimental gravitation, millimeter and sub-millimeter astronomy, and cosmic background measurement. He worked on atomic clock development, a balloon program for measuring cosmic background radiation, the Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) satellite program, and the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO).

Weiss has served on numerous professional panels and scientific committees for NASA, the National Science Foundation (NSF), Department of Energy (DOE), the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), the National Academies of Science (NAS), and the National Research Council (NRC).

Professional awards include election to membership in the National Academy of Sciences in 2000. In 2006, he was awarded, as part of the COBE Team, the Gruber Cosmology Prize, which honors a leading cosmologist, astronomer, astrophysicist, or scientific philosopher, for theoretical, analytical, conceptual, or observational discoveries leading to fundamental advances in our understanding of the universe. The following year he was named a co-recipient of the Einstein Prize of the American Physical Society “for fundamental contributions to the development of gravitational wave detectors based on optical interferometry, leading to the successful operation of LIGO.”

In 2016, Rainer Weiss won the Kavli Prize in Astrophysics, sharing the prize with Kip Thorne, Caltech’s Richard P. Feynman Professor of Theoretical Physics, emeritus, and with Ronald Drever, emeritus professor of physics at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). The prize honors the three for their instrumental role in establishing LIGO, an effort that led to the direct detection of gravitational waves. In May and June 2016 additional awards recognized the three scientists when they were awarded the Special Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics (which they shared with their many LIGO collaborators); also the Gruber Cosmology Prize; and then the Shaw Prize in Astronomy.

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Biographical note

Rainer Weiss supervised the PhD dissertations of Dirk Muehlner (1970), David Owens (1976), Patricia Downey (1980), Daniel Dewey (1986), Jeffrey Livas (1987), Nelson Christensen (1990), Peter Fritschel (1992), Michelle Stephens (1992), Joseph Kovalik (1994), Joseph Giaime (1995), Partha Saha (1997), Nergis Mavalvala (1997), Brett Bochner (1998), Brian Lantz (1999), Julien Sylvestre (2002), Ryan Lawrence (2003) and Rana Adhikari (2004).

He supervised the master's theses of Frank Wentz (1971), David Little (1974), Gerald Blum (1971), Lynne Deutsch (1983), David Shoemaker (1980), and Peter Csatorday (1999), as well as theses for many bachelor's degrees.

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Historical note -- Balloon-Borne Cosmic Background Radiation Program and COBE (Cosmic Background Explorer) Satellite

COBE was an outgrowth of balloon-borne and ground-based observations of cosmic background radiation begun shortly after the discovery of the radiation in 1965. The major aims of the project were to (a) measure the spectrum of the cosmic background; (b) measure the angular distribution of the cosmic background to the level of confusion imposed by the local astrophysical background; and (c) measure or set limits to the diffuse infrared background in the mm to 1 micron band. COBE satellite explorer was proposed in 1974 by a group of scientists at Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Princeton University, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). It was ultimately flown in 1989 in a configuration very close to this original proposal.

John Mather was one of the original group proposing COBE; others were Robert Silverberg, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Michael Hauser (GSFC), Dirk Muehlner (MIT), Rainer Weiss (MIT), and David Wilkinson (Princeton). Subsequently, NASA formed a study team bringing together this group and others who had proposed space-borne cosmic background radiation missions. This team became the original COBE Science Working Group (CSWG or SWG), consisting of Samuel Gulkis (Jet Propulsion Lab), Michael Hauser (GSFC and principal investigator for the DIRBE instrument), John Mather (GSFC project scientist and principal investigator forthe FIRAS instrument), George Smoot (U.C. at Berkeley and principal investigator for the DMR instrument), Rainer Weiss (MIT, CSWG Chairman), and David Wilkinson (Princeton).

Rainer Weiss was chair of the COBE Science Working Group and was one of the originators of the mission. MIT had specific hardware responsibilities in making the prototype interferometer for FIRAS (Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer), an instrument that traveled aboard the COBE satellite, and in the development of the bolometric detectors. The MIT group worked on all aspects of the COBE mission. The group included Edward (Ned) Wright, Stephan Meyer, and Edward Cheng (Principal Research Scientist), all of whom played major roles in the CSWG. Cheng became head of the Data Analysis Group and left MIT to join GSFC. Wright was the guiding figure in software development for COBE and was a leading interpreter of the astrophysical results of the mission. Meyer, in addition to his work on COBE, ran a balloon-borne observing program with Lyman Page (who was at that time a graduate student). The balloon experiment confirmed the small-scale anisotropy measurements made by COBE. The COBE project began while Rainer Weiss and the Gravitation Research and Cosmology Group faculty at MIT were affiliated with the MIT Research Laboratory of Electronics (RLE). In 1983, the COBE project at MIT was brought into the Center for Space Research.

The Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) and FIRAS measured background radiation. The Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) was an experiment that derived data from the infrared COBE detector. Data sent back revealed traces of radiation left over from the origins of the universe, including hot and cold spots in the cosmic background radiation that support the Big Bang Theory. COBE was able to map the entire sky, unlike previous balloon-borne experiments, which had mapped only one-third of the sky.

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Historical note -- LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory)

LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory) is a joint California Institute of Technology and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) research investigation, supported by the National Science Foundation, to detect gravitational waves, or ripples in the curvature of spacetime. LIGO research is carried out by the LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC), a group of around 1,000 scientists at universities around the United States, including MIT, and in 15 other countries. The LIGO observatories are operated by MIT and Caltech. LIGO is a system of two identical detectors located 1,865 miles apart -- one in Livingston, Louisiana, the other in Hanford, Washington.

On September 14, 2015 (announced in February 2016) scientists from MIT and Caltech made the first direct detection of gravitational waves reaching the Earth. The two LIGO gravitational wave detectors in Hanford, Washington, and Livingston, Louisiana, caught a signal for the second time on December 26, 2015.

From a LIGO press release:

This discovery comes at the culmination of decades of instrument research and development, through a world-wide effort of thousands of researchers, and made possible by dedicated support for LIGO from the National Science Foundation. It also proves a prediction made 100 years ago by Einstein that gravitational waves exist.

The MIT Libraries has compiled a detailed guide to LIGO and gravitational wave information resources including background and direct links to research publications. https://libraries.mit.edu/scholarly/gravitational-waves/

The LIGO detection web site contains press releases, scientific information, and documents about the February 2016 announcement of gravitational wave detection. https://www.ligo.caltech.edu/detection

MIT LIGO Lab web site: http://space.mit.edu/LIGO/

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Scope and Contents of the Collection

This collection documents the research interests of Rainer Weiss, professor of physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), who was also affiliated with the Research Laboratory of Electronics, and later the Center for Space Research at MIT. The bulk of materials date from the early 1970s to 1999, and document the experimental and theoretical aspects of the COBE satellite and balloon observations related to cosmic microwave background measurements (Series 1 and 2) as well as materials related to the founding and development of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) (Series 3). In addition, the materials help document inter-institutional (university and government) scientific collaborations. Laboratory notebooks in Series 4 are from both areas of research.

To date (2016) the collection does not include personal information about the celebrations and announcement of the detection of gravitational waves (in 2015 and 2016).

SERIES 1, Balloon-Borne Cosmic Background Radiation Observation Records, includes balloon-borne cosmic background radiation observation files created in the course of a number of balloon flights launched for the purpose of recording data about cosmic background radiation. Most flights occurred in the early- to mid-1970s. Records consist primarily of data, graphs, flight reports, technical specifications, calibration data, and calculations. Items in box 7 (Flight data, Flight data chart paper rolls, Flight housekeeping data, Flight noise studies, Flight signal averages / rotation each from the January 28, 1974 flight) are to be used with tapes created from the January 28, 1974 flight (housed in box 8). The materials represent a sample of each type of documentation resulting from a single balloon flight. This sample was selected by Weiss to illustrate the types of records created and their relationship to an observation flight. Included are chart recorder printouts, 14" Ampex computer tape, 4" DEC computer tape, and handwritten charts and graphs. Additional materials relating to these flights include computation books, data, and reports.

SERIES 2, Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) Records, contains materials compiled by Rainer Weiss as part of the COBE Science Working Group consisting of Samuel Gulkis (Jet Propulsion Laboratory), Michael Hauser (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center), John Mather (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center), George Smoot (University of California, Berkeley), and David Wilkinson (Princeton). The working group imagined and planned the experiments to be carried out on the NASA COBE (Cosmic Background Explorer) space mission. Materials date from initial thoughts in the early 1970s, formal study since 1976 when the COBE Satellite project was funded by NASA. The Satellite was launched November 18, 1989, with three instruments, the Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR); Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS); and Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE). Measurements from the instruments were terminated December 12, 1993.

Materials include correspondence about COBE and related activities, published articles and notices about the project, proposals and grants, budgets, data, diagrams, formal reports and reviews, and handwritten notes by Weiss. There are also technical documents related to the three instruments used in the COBE experiments.

SERIES 3, Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) Records, consists of materials documenting the inception and early development of LIGO.

from the February 2016 LIGO Press Conference Fact Sheet: "What is LIGO? LIGO consists of two widely separated interferometers within the United States—one in Hanford, Washington, and the other in Livingston, Louisiana—each a laser interferometer inside an L-shaped ultra-high vacuum tunnel and operated in unison to detect gravitational waves.The California Institute of Technology and Massachusetts Institute of Technology led the design, construction and operation ofthe NSF-funded facilities."

Materials in the Rainer Weiss papers include information about site decisions, National Science Foundation grant proposals, and many articles and publications about the project. There are also technical reports outlining cost estimates; articles, reviews, and press coverage pertaining to LIGO; some correspondence about grants and speaking engagements; a proposal for the LISA project; correspondence and handouts pertaining to a workshop on LIGO; and data about and from LIGO prototypes. There are also LIGO research documents written by or with members of the larger group of scientists in the LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC).

SERIES 4, Laboratory Notebooks, includes research computation books created by graduate students and researchers in the Rainer Weiss laboratory. Research dates are from the early 1970s to 1999.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

 Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Institute Archives and Special Collections 1998, revised 2015, 2016

MIT Libraries
Building 14N-118
77 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, Massachusetts, 02139-4307
617.253.5690
mithistory@mit.edu

Revision Description

  2015, 2016

Access note

The collection is open for research. In accordance with MIT records policy, there may be restrictions on access to MIT administrative records.

Intellectual Property Rights

Access to collections in the Institute Archives and Special Collections is not authorization to publish. Separate written application for permission to publish must be made to the Institute Archives. Copyright of some items in this collection may be held by respective creators, not by the donor of the collection.

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Related Materials

Related Materials

LIGO and Gravitational Wave Resources in DSpace@mit.edu (MIT Libraries Guide) https://libraries.mit.edu/scholarly/gravitational-waves/

LIGO Press Conference 2-11-2016, Washington D.C. web site https://www.ligo.caltech.edu/detection

LIGO Scientific Collaboration Summaries of LSC Scientific Publications. http://www.ligo.org/science/outreach.php

LIGO Laboratory, and LIGO Laboratory, MIT web sites: https://www.ligo.caltech.edu/ https://www.ligo.caltech.edu/mit

MIT Dspace repository has MIT doctoral and master degree theses of MIT students in the Department of Physics. https://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/7865

MIT Libraries DSpace repository (faculty research publications by Rainer Weiss) https://dspace.mit.edu/

COBE Archives at LAMBDA (Legacy Archive for Microwave Background Data Analysis) NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. http://lambda.gsfc.nasa.gov/

California Institute of Technology, The Caltech Archives. http://archives.caltech.edu/

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • California Institute of Technology.
  • National Science Foundation (U.S.)
  • United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Personal Name(s)

  • Weiss, Rainer

Subject(s)

  • Cosmic Background Explorer (Satellite)
  • Cosmic background radiation
  • Gravitational waves
  • LIGO (Observatory)
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology--Faculty.
  • Physics.

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Bibliography

"Scientists make first direct detection of gravitational waves" MIT News Office, February 11, 2016. http://news.mit.edu/2016/ligo-first-detection-gravitational-waves-0211

MIT News Office, February 11, 2016. "Q & A: Rainer Weiss on LIGO's origins." http://news.mit.edu/2016/rainer-weiss-ligo-origins-0211

"For second time, LIGO detects gravitational waves" MIT News Office, June 15, 2016. http://news.mit.edu/2016/second-time-ligo-detects-gravitational-waves-0615

LIGO Press Conference, Washington D.C. 2-11-2016 https://www.ligo.caltech.edu/detection

"LIGO Does It Again: A Second Robust Binary Black Hole Coalescence Observed" News Release, June 15, 2016 https://www.ligo.caltech.edu/news/ligo20160615

MIT News Office, June 2, 2016. "Rainer Weiss wins Kavli Prize in Astrophysics, LIGO inventor shares award for detection of gravitational waves." http://news.mit.edu/2016/rainer-weiss-wins-kavli-prize-astrophysics-0602

LIGO and Gravitational Wave Resources in DSpace@mit.edu https://libraries.mit.edu/scholarly/gravitational-waves/

Mather, John C. & John Boslough. The Very First Light: The True Inside Story of the Scientific Journey Back to the Dawn of the Universe. Revised and updated edition. New York: Basic Books, 2008. (MIT Libraries collection cataloged as QB991.C64.M38 2008)

Cosmic Background Explorer Observes the Primeval Explosion, by John Mather. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.

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Collection Inventory

 Series 1 Balloon-Borne Cosmic Background Radiation Observation Records 

Scope and Contents of the Series

SERIES 1, Balloon-Borne Cosmic Background Radiation Observation Records, includes balloon-borne cosmic background radiation observation files created in the course of a number of balloon flights launched for the purpose of recording data about cosmic background radiation. Most flights occurred in the early- to mid-1970s. Records consist primarily of data, graphs, flight reports, technical specifications, calibration data, and calculations.

Items in box 7 (Flight data, Flight data chart paper rolls, Flight housekeeping data, Flight noise studies, Flight signal averages / rotation each from the January 28, 1974 flight) are to be used with tapes created from the January 28, 1974 flight (housed in box 8). The materials represent a sample of each type of documentation resulting from a single balloon flight. This sample was selected by Weiss to illustrate the types of records created and their relationship to an observation flight. Included are chart recorder printouts, 14" Ampex computer tape, 4" DEC computer tape, and handwritten charts and graphs. Additional materials relating to these flights include computation books, data, and reports.

Box

Circuits of equipment 1946-1966 

1

Ion gauge circuits 1956-1970 

1

Circuit diagrams, notes, and other materials undated 

1

Box car integrators 1, 2 circa 1967 

1

Research Laboratory of Electronics (RLE) ion gauge control blueprints 1956, 1963 

112

D.C. strain seismometer Richard Sramek 1964 September to 1965 September 

1

Research Laboratory of Electronics (RLE) Dirk Muehlner computation book 1966 July to 1968 April 

1

Research Laboratory of Electronics (RLE) Dirk Muehlner computation book 2 1969 March 6 to August 

1

Dirk Muehlner computation book 3 1970 March 3 to 1972 June 2 

1

Dirk Muehlner computation book 4 1972 June 28 to 1973 August 

1

Balloon Dirk Muehlner computation book 6 1976 April 7 to September 

1

Muehlner redo of data 1978 

2

Research Laboratory of Electronics (RLE) Frank Wentz computation book 1970 May 17 to August 

2

R. E. analysis 1974 January 

2

R. E. analysis 1974 June 

2

R. E. analysis 1974 August 

2

Test maps undated 

2

Unipolar maps 1974-1981 

2

Unipolar reg maps undated 

2

Unipolar maps 1982 October 20 

2

Bipolar maps 1976-1981 

2

Bipolar reg maps undated 

2

Bipolar maps undated 

2

Galactic coordinate maps undated 

2

Source flight rotational average undated 

2

Data undated 

3

Fake data 1981-1982 

3

Compendium runs 1970s 

3

Data 1975 July 

3

Balloon flight summary, 504-P 1969 September 29 

3

Balloon flight summary, 514-P 1969 November 20 

3

Balloon flight report, 616-P 1971 June 5 

3

Flight number 637-P data 1971 September 29 

3

Balloon flight report, 637-P 1971 September 29 

3

Balloon flight report, 708-P 1972 October 1 

3

Balloon flight summary, 833-P 1974 June 17 

3

Balloon flight summary, 842-P 1974 August 13 

3

Balloon flight summary, 900-P 1975 June 21 

3

Balloon flight summary, 910-P 1975 July 9 

3

Interferometer run Meyer Balloon 1983 May 22 

3

Interferometer run Meyer balloon 1983 May 19 

3

Interferometer and resolution circa 1970s 

3

Boards, B1-12B 1981 

3

Board B5-B9 old assignment 1981 

3

Vacuum-insulated hoses and accessories undated 

3

Voltage to frequency converter 4701 undated 

3

Signal avenger 1975 May 7 

4

Optical Electronics, Inc. Operating and Application Manual model 9004 serial number 154528 undated 

4

Checklist 3k spectrum experiment 

4

Flights 1976 September 

4

Flight data 1975 June 

4

Flight line checklist 1975 

4

Flight 1975 June 

4

Recovery instructions 1975 June 

4

Flight information 1974 June 

4

Admissions office 1974-1979 

4

National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) TM data 1974 

4

Flight information 1974 

4

Housekeeping data 1974 June 17 

4

Fourier amplitudes 1974 June 

4

Flight data 1974 June 17 

4

Administrative officers meetings 1974-1976 

4

Liquefied atmospheric gases 1973 June 

4

National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) telemetry 1973 

4

Balloon 5 data 1973 

4

Flight data 1972 October 1 

4

Recovery, checklists, filling diagrams 30k spectrum 1972 September 

4

Balloon data Raven 1972 

4

Telemetry demultiplexer jr. 1972 September 

4

Balloon data 1972 

5

Balloon 4 data 1971 

5

Balloon 3 data 1971 

5

Silver batteries 1971-1975 

5

Boards A1-A12 1981 July 

5

Flight data Palestine 1975 June 17 

5

Flight data 1974 August 

5

Graphs for flights MIT 1 and MIT 2 1972 September 

5

Filters 1972 June 

5

Far field and near field 1972 June 

5

Graphs for flights MIT 1 and MIT 2 1971 

5

Flight packing list 1971-1972 

5

Flight data 1971 September 29 

5

Flight sheets 1971 September 29 

5

Flight data 1974 August 13 

5

Flight data 1971 September 29 

5

X² analysis cosmic background radiation analysis 1971, 1993 

5

Calibration data 1972 June 

5

Calibrations data 1971 

5

Balloon worksheets 1969-1973 

6

Balloon 3 data 1971 June 5 

6

Balloon flight #1 1969 September 29 

6

Balloon 2, serial number 62 1969 October 30 

6

Radiometer 1968-1969 

6

Radiometer calculations 1968 

6

Atmospheric phenomenon, Naval Research Laboratory 1964-1967 

6

LSHe-101 liquid helium container 1963 

6

Liquid helium undated 

6

Procedures for Handling Liquid Helium 1973 

6

B1 phaser modulation 1961 

6

Flight data (15 inch roll of paper) 1974 January 28 

7

Flight data (6 inch roll of paper) 1974 January 28 

7

Flight housekeeping data 1974 January 28 

7

Flight noise studies 1974 January 28 

7

Flight signal averages / rotation 1974 January 28 

7

Flight July 1974 replay 1/28/1974 1974 

7

Flight data on Digital DECtape Jan 74 flight D.T. #3 1975 November 2 

8

Flight recording 1/20/1974 and 1/28/1974 (Ampex magnetic tape) 1974 

8

PDP-11 R. W., January 1974, June 1974, August 1974, July 1975 analysis 1974-1982 

9

PDP-11 programs Rainer Weiss II 1975-1981 

9

Data analysis in notebook 1974 

9

National Scientific Balloon Facility flight summaries 1981 October 19, November 4 

9

Flight data 1981-1983 

9

Data analysis of fall 1981 flights 1981 December to 1982 February 

9

Summary sheets of individual flights circa 1982 

9

September 1976 data analysis 1982 September 

9

October 1981 analyzed data 1982 September to October 

9

Balloon 3/86 1982, 1986 

9

Balloon-borne measurement of anisotropy papers approximately 1982 to 1984 

10

Data and programs 1982-1987 

10

More data analysis of balloon measurements 1982 June 11 to 1987 May 18 

10

Atmospheric calculations - articles, data printouts, notes 1970-1978 

10

Rocket measurement of the cosmic background submillimeter spectrum by H.P. Gush circa 1970 

10

Rainer Weiss programs (2 folders) 1981-1982 

10

Isotropy experiment 1970s 

10

Isotropy experiment work lists 1973 

11

Isotropy drawings 1973-1983 

11

3°K isotropy and source 1973-1974 

11

Isotropy summary analysis 1974-1977 

11

Isotropy experiment notebook 1972 April to 1973 July 

11

Isotropy experiment notebook 1973 December to 1974 June 

11

Isotropy II 1974 June 15 to July 5 

11

Isotropy III notebook 1973-1977 

11

Isotropy IV notebook 1979 April to 1981 October 

12

Isotropy and source V notebook 1981 July 22 to December 6 

12

Papers and reports on isotropy and sources 1974-1988 

12

Isotropy data analysis of all flights 1975-1977 

12

Isotropy data analysis, September 76 flight 1976 September to 1977 April 

12

Program library outputs and modification notes 1981-1982 

12

Programs I, isotropy data analysis 1977 February 

112

Proposal balloon 1978 

12

Rotation average plots using rtan86? of 1981 flights circa 1982 

12

Spectral response and calibration 1981-1982 

12

Ned Wright's programs 1981 

12

Ned Wright correspondence and data plots 1982 August 

112

Mark Halpern papers 1984-1987 

13

Eugene F. Mallove, "Balloon Experiment to Probe Cosmic Background," Tech Talk. 1988 May 11 

13

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 Series 2 COBE (Cosmic Background Explorer) Records 

Scope and Contents of the Series

SERIES 2, Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) Records, contains materials compiled by Rainer Weiss as part of the COBE Science Working Group consisting of Samuel Gulkis (Jet Propulsion Laboratory), Michael Hauser (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center), John Mather (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center), George Smoot (University of California, Berkeley), and David Wilkinson (Princeton). The working group imagined and planned the experiments to be carried out on the NASA COBE (Cosmic Background Explorer) space mission. Materials date from initial thoughts in the early 1970s, formal study since 1976 when the COBE Satellite project was funded by NASA. The Satellite was launched November 18, 1989, with three instruments, the Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR); Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS); and Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE). Measurements from the instruments were terminated December 12, 1993.

Materials include correspondence about COBE and related activities, published articles and notices about the project, proposals and grants, budgets, data, diagrams, formal reports and reviews, and handwritten notes by Weiss. There are also technical documents related to the three instruments used in the COBE experiments.

Box

Contract amendment COBE 1978 1978 

13

Contracts (MIT Office of Sponsored Programs grant #86338) 1978-1983 

13

Weiss COBE research proposal, OSP grant # 86330 1979-1983 

13

Weiss COBE research proposal, OSP grant #86330 1982-1983 

13

NAS5-27591 NASA/GSFC COBE contract modifications 1983-1988 

35

Budget documents 1979-1982 

13

Budget documents COBE instruments cost review 1981 July 

13

Budget documents 1981 August 25 to August 27 

13

Budget documents 1983 June 

13

Proposals, continuations 1980-1983 

14

Correspondence, OSP grant # 86330 1983 

14

Dollar/schedule/manpower 1983-1984 

14

Proposal 8/1/1983 - 12/31/1989, second version of COBE proposal 1983 April 

14

Proposal 8/1/1983 - 12/31/1989 cost estimates 

14

Proposal 8/1/1983 - 12/31/1989 cost estimates old & bad 1983-1989 

14

Budget requests 1986 

14

Vax & Microcomax equipment purchases 1988 

14

Proposal: Science Analysis from COBE Data 1990-1991 

14

Budget problems 1991 

14

Computer contract 1993-1994 

14

Computer transfer ownership from MIT to OSFC 1993-1995 

14

Budgets and grants 1988-1989 

14

Primary COBE report 1974-1977 

14

COBE report 1970s 

14

COBE applied engineering software systems development and analysis support 1988 April 1 

15

COBE applied engineering software systems development and analysis support 1988 May 

15

COBE applied engineering software systems development and analysis support 1988 July 

15

COBE applied engineering software systems development and analysis support 1989 October 

15

COBE guest investigator support program 1992 

15

COBE Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) report MIT 

15

Instrument Definition Report (IDR) 1979 

15

Instrument Definition Report (IDR) original Gobor 1979 

15

Instrument Definition Report (IDR) drawings 1979 

16

Instrument Definition Report (IDR) drafts 1979 

16

Instrument Definition Report (IDR) (4 foldrers) 1979 

16

COBE interim study report 1977 

17

COBE interim study report indexes 1977 

17

COBE mission overview 1989 

17

COBE reports MIT (2 folders) 1977-1978 

17

COBE reports MIT, includes photographs 1977-1978 

17

COBE reports MIT (2 folders) 1977-1978 

17

Reports 1985-1987 

18

Reports 1988-1989 

18

Reports 1991 

18

COBE space and earth sciences systems and scientific data analysis support 1989 October 

18

COBE thermal subsystem overview 1989 

18

A guide to the maze of the COBE data Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE), Far-Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS), and Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) 1979-1983 

18

COBE biannual review 1984 December 7 

18

COBE critical design review #2 1986 January 

18

COBE Critical Design Review volume 1 1987 May 

18

COBE Critical Design Review volume 2 1987 May 

19

COBE Critical Design Review volume 3 1987 May 

19

COBE Critical Design Review results 1985 January 

19

COBE Instrument Technical Status Review, day 1 morning 1987 July 20 to July 23 

19

COBE Instrument Technical Status Review, day 1 afternoon 1987 July 20 to July 23 

19

COBE Instrument Technical Status Review, day 2 1987 July 20 to July 23 

19

COBE Instrument Technical Status Review, day 3 afternoon 1987 July 20 to July 23 

19

COBE Instrument Technical Status Review, day 4 1987 July 20 to July 23 

20

COBE Instrument Technical Status Review and Notes 1986 September 15 

20

COBE Mission Operations Review (2 folders) 1988 September 

20

COBE Preliminary Design Reviews (2 folders) 1983 October 

20

COBE Preliminary Design Review for the COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) 1986 February 

21

COBE Program Status Review Schedule 1984 January 

21

Reviews 1985 

21

Reviews (3 folders) 1986 

21

Reviews 1987 

21

Reviews 1988 

21

Reviews 1988-1989 

22

Reviews (2 folders) 1989 

22

Reviews 1991 

22

SIRD Review Comments 1985 

22

COBE Status Review to the Associate Administration for the Office of Space Science & Applications 1984 November 27 

22

COBE System Concept Review (SCR) volume 1 1982 July 

22

COBE System Concept Review (SCR) volume 2 1982 July 

22

COBE System Concept Review (SCR) volume 3 1982 July 

22

COBE System Concept Review (SCR) volume 4, 5 1982 July 

23

COBE SCR 1982 

23

COBE whitepaper & review materials 1977-1979 

23

COBE whitepaper & review materials 1980-1981 

23

COBE technical documents (3 folders) 1979 

23

COBE technical documents (2 folders) 1980 

23

COBE technical documents 1981 

23

COBE technical documents (3 folders) 1982 

24

COBE technical documents (5 folders) undated 

24

COBE technical documents 1982 

25

COBE technical documents 1983 

25

COBE technical documents (3 folders) 1982-1983 

25

COBE technical documents drawings (2 folders) 1980-1981 

25

COBE technical documents 1989 

26

COBE data analysis (2 folders) 1983-1984 

26

COBE data analysis fast spherical harmonic transform 1985 

26

COBE data analysis (2 folders) 1977-1979 

26

COBE notes 1988 

26

Data processing and management 1986-1988 

26

COBE data analysis CCR 00197 separation analog and digital instrument grounds 1984 

26

COBE data analysis IGSE operations status data base STOL test procedures 1984 June 26 

26

COBE data analysis status review spacecraft interface simulator undated 

26

COBE data analysis SWG pixelization 1985 

26

COBE data analysis Space Science Board (SSB) Data Management & Computation / VI Issues & Recommendations 1982 

26

COBE data analysis, data flow diagrams undated 

26

COBE data analysis principal moments Karhunen-Loeve (KL) techniques 1985 

27

COBE data rates 1978 

27

COBE white paper draft 1985 

27

COBE instrument status review, cryogenic facilities 1984 

27

Test printouts (2 folders) 1988 

27

COBE applied engineering software systems development and analysis support 1987 October 

27

COBE applied engineering software systems development and analysis support 1987 November 

27

Astronomical data base plan 1983 

27

COBE astrophysics project concept summary 1978 

27

COBE attitude control system 1985 

27

COBE attitude control system pointing 1985 

27

COBE Brown document 1985 

27

Calibrations 1975-1980 

27

Cosmological Background Radiation (CBR) satellite 1974 

28

Cosmological Background Radiation (CBR) spectrum experiment for Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) undated 

28

COBE Charter Science Steering Group (3 folders) 1976-1985 

28

[U3ELW] cobenews.txt 1985 October 8 

28

COBE Command Management System (CMS) 1983 

28

Cones & diffraction, scattering (2 folders) 1975-1976 

28

COBE contamination 1985 

28

COBE coordinate systems definition (from COBE ACS specification) undated 

28

COBE Delta Critical Design Review (CDR) volume 1 1986 January 13 

28

COBE Delta Critical Design Review (CDR) volume 2 1986 January 13 

28

COBE Delta Critical Design Review (CDR) volume 3 1986 January 13 

29

COBE diffuse galactic radiation in far infrared 1984 

29

COBE handwritten document lists 1983 

29

Engineering directorate monthly program status 1980 February to 1981 May 

29

Engineering directorate monthly program status 1981 September to 1983 May 

29

Equipment for lab 1975 

29

COBE flight project software management plan 1985 February 

29

COBE general undated 

29

COBE general (2 folders) 1982 

29

COBE general, Memo of Understanding, Charter 1978-1979 

29

COBE general, Memo of Understanding, Charter 1980 

30

COBE general, Memo of Understanding, Charter (3 folders) 1981 

30

COBE general, Memo of Understanding, Charter (2 folders) 1981 

30

COBE general, Memo of Understanding, Charter (2 folders) 1982 

31

Ground System Operations Requirements 1983 May 

31

COBE headquarters DRCS [U7JCM] hqtelcon.txt 1985-1988 

31

COBE He problem 1990 

31

COBE High Level Command Language (HLCL) 1984 

31

Horn optics 1980 

31

COBE IGSE capabilities 1985 

32

COBE IGSE topics: Basic S/W 1983 

32

COBE image processing systems 1983-1986 

32

COBE instrument flight performance requirements 1983 

32

Instrument part test status 1984 June 

32

COBE Interactive Data Reduction & Analysis Facility (IRAF) 1984 

32

Interferometer error analysis undated 

32

Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) 1985 

32

Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) circulars 1984 

32

Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) extended source sensitivity 1983 March 

32

Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) information useful to COBE 1978 

32

Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) lessons learned 1984 March 

32

Kogut systematic errors 1992 

32

COBE level 1 requirements 1980-1985 

33

Long range schedules 1980 

33

COBE LEP/VAX information updates 1985 

33

Mather, John 1985 

33

Mather's summary outlooks 1979-1983 

33

COBE meteorites and space debris 1985 

33

COBE mission general information circa 1980 to 1985 

33

COBE mission general information undated 

33

COBE mission general information 1985 May 

33

COBE mission operations plan 1984 

33

MIT COBE contracts 1978-1980 

33

MIT experiment 1992 

33

National Science Foundation (NSF) Gravitational Committee 1979 

33

National Science Foundation (NSF) Gravitational Committee 1979 

34

National Science Foundation (NSF) Gravitational Committee 1979 

34

Notes, reviews & a balloon-borne 1989 

34

COBE orbit modifications 1985 

34

Organizational chart 1991 

34

Participating scientists 1979 

34

COBE Preliminary Design Review (PDR) (2 folders) 1983 May 31 

34

COBE performance specifications orbit 1983-1984 

34

COBE personnel general 1983-1989 

34

COBE POP 86-1 revision 1990 

34

COBE program descriptions and planning 1977 

34

COBE project plan 1984 

34

COBE scientific publications policy 1990 

34

COBE SCR (2 folders) 1982 

34

COBE Space Telescope Science Institute M-3 High Level Command Language 1984 

35

COBE team members statement of work 1977-1979 

35

Telephone directories 1982-1984 

35

COBE testing 1978-1979 

35

Spacecraft 1978-1980 

35

Structural, power, telemetry thermal mission phase power status summaries 1984 

35

System integration series software documentation 1983 

35

COBE telemetry list 1983 

35

COBE testing policy 1987 

35

Code 720 VAX 1986 

35

COBE VAX information updates 1984-1986 

35

COBE VAX information updates, user lists 1985-1987 

35

Zip data 1985 

35

COBE Zodiacal Light and Interstellar Dust 1978-1979 

35

General COBE files 1989 

35

Cosmology Data Analysis Center (CDAC) Orientation Handbook rough draft 1991 

35

Cosmology Data Analysis Center (CDAC) Orientation Handbook volume 2 1992 

35

Cosmology Data Analysis Center (CDAC) Orientation Handbook volume 3 1992 

36

Cosmology Data Analysis Center Orientation Handbook 1992 

36

Guest Investigator Support Software user's guide 1992 

36

IGSE user's guide 1984 

36

LEP VAX user's guide 1985 

36

Photometry test procedure 1986 

36

COBE biannual and Science Working Group meetings 1985 June 

36

COBE biannual meeting 1985 June 17 

36

COBE biannual meeting reviews 1984 June 29 

36

COBE meeting agendas 1978-1980 

36

COBE meeting summaries and agendas (3 folders) 1979-1983 

36

COBE meetings 1985 

37

COBE meetings 1986 

37

COBE meetings 1987 

37

COBE meetings 1988 

37

COBE scientific publications policy 1990 

37

COBE meetings 1991 

37

COBE mission results 1991 June to October 

37

COBE meeting 1991 July 18 

37

COBE meetings 1991 October 

38

COBE meetings 1992 

38

COBE meetings 1992 June to October 

38

COBE meetings 1993 

38

COBE periodic meeting reports 1980 

38

COBE periodic meeting reports 1981 

38

COBE periodic meeting reports volume 2 1981 

38

COBE periodic meeting reports 1982 

38

COBE schedule acceleration 1982 

38

COBE schedules and budgets 1980 

39

COBE schedules and budgets 1978 

39

Meetings and schedules 1989 

39

COBE correspondence 1978-1983 

39

COBE chronological files 1985 

39

COBE schedule and notes 1986 

39

COBE chronological files 1986 January to April 

39

COBE chronological files 1986 May to December 

40

COBE chronological files 1987 January to May 

40

COBE chronological files 1987 June to December 

40

COBE chronological files 1987 December to 1988 November 

40

COBE chronological files 1988 

40

COBE chronological files 1988 

41

COBE chronological files 1989 

41

COBE chronological files 1989 October to December 

41

COBE chronological files (3 folders) 1990 

41

COBE chronological files (2 folders) 1990 

42

COBE chronological files (2 folders) 1990 July 

42

COBE chronological files 1990-1991 

42

COBE DRC 1991 

42

COBE chronological files 1991 January to July 

43

COBE chronological files 1991 August to December 

43

COBE chronological files 1992 January to February 

43

COBE chronological files 1992 March 

43

COBE chronological files 1992 May to July 

43

Measurements of the cosmic background radiation by Weiss 1980 February 

43

Measurements of the cosmic background radiation 1980 

44

Measurements of the cosmic background radiation handwritten notes 1980 

44

COBE testing 1980 

44

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) (2 folders) 1983-1987 

44

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) 1983-1987 

44

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) Attitude Subsystem Status Summary 1991 March 25 

45

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) build zero 1986 October 

45

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) Build 2.0/2.1 Release Report 1987 September 

45

Critical Design Review for the COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) (morning) 1987 March 26 

45

CSDR Critical Design Review for the COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) (afternoon) 1987 March 26 

45

CSDR Critical Design Review for the COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) 1987 March 27 

45

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) CDR 1987 

45

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) database 1988 

45

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) Database Manual 1985 September 

45

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) Database Manual 5th edition (2 folders) 1987 March 

45

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) data processing software 1987 

46

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) Design Manual (2 folders) 1986 February 

46

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) facility and project controlled software requirements 1984 September 27 

46

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) Hitchhiker's Guide and Notes 1988 August 

46

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) newsletter 1989 August 

46

Preliminary Design Review for the COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) 1986 February 

47

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) Programmer's Manual 1986 

47

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) Programmer's Manual 1989 May 

47

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) requirements document (White Book) 1984 June to August 

47

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) Science Data Room System Test Plan 1988 June 

47

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) SWG Validation Reports and Bulletin 1989 

47

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) software 1985 

47

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) software (2 folders) 1985 July 

47

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) software and instruments 1986 

47

Software development in the COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) 1986 May 

47

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) System Concept Design Document 1985 September 

48

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) System Concept Document Blue Book 1985 

48

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) Implementation Plan: Management Section comments 1984 August 

48

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) System Concept Review 1985 May 1 

48

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) System Concept Review (2 folders) 1985 January 23 

48

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) Technical Implementation Plan 1985 November 

48

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) User's Manual 1st edition 1985 September 

48

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) User's Manual 1987 

48

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) User's Manual 4th edition (2 folders) 1988 September 

49

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) VAX 1985-1986 

49

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) 1988 

49

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) 1989 

49

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) 1989 

49

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) 1989 

49

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) correspondence 1988-1989 

49

COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) correspondence 1989 

50

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) biannual review 1983 December 

50

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) budget 1982 

50

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR)/COBE/Wright 1991 September to November 

50

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) correspondence 1980-1982 

50

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) cover 1984 

50

COBE Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR), early CSDR operations, diagnostics undated 

50

COBE Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) datasets 1986 

50

COBE Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) detection of interfering satellites 1985 

50

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) electronics technical review 1984 June 

50

COBE Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) fitting anisotropy coefficients 1984 February 

50

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) GaAs FET amplifiers, noise figure and gain of L band 1984 

50

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) general (implementation plan, etc.) (2 folders) 1980 

50

COBE Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) general #2 1979 

50

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) IGSE programs 1983 

50

COBE Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) IGSE Software Definition Report 1983 November 

50

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) Instrument Power Distribution Unit 1984 

50

COBE Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) Instrument Specific Session Package 1, 2, & 3 1986 May 

51

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) JPL Moon 1984 

51

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) long range schedules 1985 

51

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) lunar calibration model JPL 1983 May 

51

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) mechanical subsystem undated 

51

COBE Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) meeting summaries and agendas 1980 

51

COBE Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) monthly program status 1982 

51

COBE Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) monthly report 1982 

51

COBE Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) narrative analysis information packet 1979-1982 

51

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) outlines for papers and results and implications 1991 

51

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) papers 1992 January to March 

51

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) papers 1992 March to April 

51

COBE Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) periodic meeting reports 1982 

51

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) preliminary design review GSFC review team recommendations undated 

51

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) preliminary results paper 1990 

51

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) publications 1985 

51

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) reports (2 folders) 1978-1980 

51

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) Review for Systematic Error Handling 1990 

52

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) sky coverage and GSFC specifications 1987 

52

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) Sparse Matrix Representations 1984 February to March 

52

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) status 1985-1986 

52

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) systematic error review 1991 

52

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) systems highlights undated 

52

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) technical documents drawings (2 folders) 1979-1982 

52

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) technical memoranda 1984 

52

COBE Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) Technical Status Review 1986 September 15 

52

COBE Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) testing 1986 

53

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) Test Review Agenda and Crosstalk 1988 

53

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) 3pt correlation 1993 April to May 

53

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) 31 GHz Receiver and Status Report 1986 

53

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) user's guide 1985 August 

53

COBE Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) User's Guide 1987 April 

53

Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) 1989 

53

CODE Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) 1978 

53

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) Baffle Design & Stray Light Analysis undated 

53

COBE Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function Measurement for the DIRBE P-4 Mirror undated 

53

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) Bolometers undated 

53

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) budget 1980 

53

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) COBE review by Kelsall 1984 July 

53

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) Comet thesis update 1992 

53

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) correspondence 1982 

53

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) Critical Design Review and Notes 1984 October 17 

53

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) COBE Science Data Room (CSDR) data flows and storage 1985 

53

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) data analysis 1991 

53

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) COBE Dataset Dictionary and Science Product Processes 1986 May 

54

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) data team map storage 1985 

54

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) development program, comments, concerns by Hauser 1984 August 

54

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) foreground subtraction 1988-1993 

54

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) Utah State University Dynamics Laboratory proposal 1984 July 

54

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) technical information package 1984 July 

54

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) detector radiation tests 1986 June 

54

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) filters, polarizer, beamsplitter #1 1984 June 

54

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) fine aspect solution 1984 

54

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) general (Instrument Definition Report, etc.) (1 of 2) 1982 

54

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) general (Instrument Definition Report, etc.) (2 of 2) 1980 

54

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) general (Instrument Definition Report, etc.) volume 2 1980 

55

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) guidelines on system modelling and testing 1984 

55

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) IGSE real-time requirements 1984 

55

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) information packets 1979-1982 

55

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) infrared observations presentations 1991 

55

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) InSb detectors 1985 

55

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) Instrument Power Distribution Unit 1984 

55

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) Instrument Specific Session package 1, 2, & 3 1986 May 23 

55

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) Internal Reference Source (IRS) undated 

55

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) Internal Reference Source (IRS) external calibrator 1983 

55

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) Internal Reference Source (IRS) 1983 

55

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) "Mechanical" Data-Processing Flows by Kelsall 1984 August 

55

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) meeting summaries & agendas 1980 

55

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) memoranda 1984-1985 

55

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) monthly program status 1980-1982 

55

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) monthly reports 1980 

56

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) monthly reports 1981 

56

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) monthly reports 1982 

56

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) mirrors undated 

56

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) observations presentations 1992 

56

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) On-Orbit Calibration & Zodiacal Light by Kelsall 1983 

56

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) Optics Design & Analysis Instrument Design Review 1984 June 

56

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) optics module (3 mirror concept) undated 

56

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) PDR (2 folders) 1983 

56

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) pointing 1985 

56

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) processes 1987 

56

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) status report to SWG 1984 

56

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) Technical Status Review 1986 September 

56

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) Stray Light 1986 

57

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) Stray Light Analysis 1984 

57

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) optics 1984 September 

57

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) technical documents (3 folders) 1979-1980 

57

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) technical documents 1981 

57

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) technical documents 1982 

57

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) technical memoranda 1983-1986 

57

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) tests 1986 

57

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) tests and concepts 1985 

57

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) zodiacal light 1985 

57

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) undated 

57

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) (2 folders) 1988 

57

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) (2 folders) 1989 

58

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) 1986-1987 

58

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) bolometers 1985-1987 

58

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) budget 1979-1980 

58

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) calibrator 1985 

58

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) calibrator leakage 1985 

58

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) cone calibrator leakage 1986 

58

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) correspondence 1981 

58

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) correspondence 1985 

58

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) correspondence 1986 

58

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) correspondence 1987 January to May 

58

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) correspondence 1987 June to December 

58

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) correspondence 1988 

59

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) correspondence 1990-1991 

59

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) correspondence 1992 

59

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) COBE Science Data Room (CSDB) 1984-1986 

59

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) data analysis 1985 

59

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) data sets 1983 

59

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) directives undated 

59

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) The FIRAS Enquirer undated 

59

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) general (2 folders) 1980 

59

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) general 1979 

59

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) horn characteristics 1985 

59

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) horn emission study 1984 

59

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) horn response 1985 

59

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) horn tests 1985 

59

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) IGSE capability for I&T 1984 

59

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) IGSE data flow 1983-1984 

60

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) IGSE software 1983 

60

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) industrial contracts undated 

60

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) information packets, narrative analyses 1979-1981 

60

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) Instrument Technical Status Review 1987 July 20 to July 23 

60

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) interface control document 1983 

60

Baseline subtraction from Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) interferograms 1985 

60

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) IR materials, SUB-mm undated 

60

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) long term schedules 1980 

60

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) meeting 1992 December 4 

60

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) meeting summaries and agendas 1979-1981 

60

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS), milestone schedule 1984 

60

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) mission planning, command verification 1984 

60

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) mission OP & command verification 1984 

60

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) mm materials 1985 

60

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) monthly program status 1980 

60

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) monthly reports 1980 November 3 to 1981 March 

60

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) monthly reports 1981 March 4 to 1982 May 

60

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) moon contamination undated 

61

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) MTM readout 1979 

61

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) Niobium coated horn 1983-1984 

61

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) notes 1982-1983 

61

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) offline processing 1984 

61

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) optical calculations undated 

61

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) optics, transports, polarizer, electronics 1978-1979 

61

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) pass 2 phase 1 1991 October 1 

61

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) performance specification and flight subsystem design 1987 May 

61

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) performance specification and flight subsystem design NASA/GSFC 1984 

61

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) periodic meeting reports 1980 

61

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) pipeline 1987 

61

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) specific session books 1, 2, 3 1986 May 22 

61

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) science working group pipeline 1987 July 

61

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) status report to SWG 1984 

61

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) stored command requirements 1983 

61

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) technical documents 1979 

61

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) technical documents and drawings (2 folders) 1980 

62

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) technical documents and drawings 1981 

62

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) technical documents and drawings 1983 

62

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) technical documents and drawings 1984 

62

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) technical documents and drawings, journal articles 1977-1983 

62

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) technical documents and drawings 1982 

62

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) technical memoranda 1982-1985 

62

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) technical status review 1984 June 

62

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) Technical Status Review and additions 1986 September 15 

63

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) test and analysis graphic outputs 1984 

63

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) tests U7JCM 1986 

63

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) weekly calibration progress report 1984 

63

Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) (4 folders) 1988-1989 

63

COBE Science Working Group (SWG) 1986 February 

63

COBE Science Working Group (SWG) FCM budget plan 1986 January 

63

COBE Science Working Group (SWG) meetings undated 

63

COBE Science Working Group (SWG) meetings 1985 June 

63

COBE Science Working Group (SWG) meetings 1986 January 

63

COBE Science Working Group (SWG) meetings, handouts 1984 October 

64

COBE Science Working Group (SWG) meetings 1984 

64

COBE Science Working Group (SWG) meeting 1987 July 1 

64

COBE Science Working Group (SWG) meeting 1993 May 

64

COBE Science Working Group (SWG) memoranda 1986 

64

COBE Science Working Group (SWG) / OP & Data Analysis Requirements draft 1985 September 3 

64

COBE Science Working Group (SWG) requirements document 1985 

64

COBE Science Working Group (SWG) statement 19 GHz Balloon Borne 1987 April 

64

COBE Science Working Group (SWG) structure 1985 

64

COBE Science Working Group (SWG) tasks 1982-1983 

64

COBE Science Working Group (SWG) work breakdown structure 1985 August 

64

COBE Science Working Group (SWG) project pipeline tests 1987-1989 

64

COBE conference call notes 1985 

64

NASA IR satellite Rainer Weiss notebook 1975 

64

COBE notes 1977-1978 

65

COBE notes 1979 

65

COBE notes circa 1985 

65

Weiss notes 1980-1982 

65

Weiss notes 1978-1979 

65

Weiss notes 1980 

65

Weiss notes 1981 

65

Notes by Rainer Weiss 1989 April to May 

65

Notes by Rainer Weiss 1989 May 

65

Notes by Rainer Weiss 1989 August 

65

Notes by Rainer Weiss 1988-1989 

65

Spectroscopy and theory, general articles and notes 1951-1955 

65

O2 emission 1954-1983 

65

O2 emission 1963-1981 

65

Atmosphere related reports and articles 1958-1975 

66

Atmosphere articles and notes 1961-1975 

66

Theory of spectrum distribution 1965-1979 

66

Discarta source origin articles 1966-1978 

66

Galaxy formation, cosmic background articles and notes 1966-1978 

66

Distortions of cosmic microwave background articles 1967-1979 

66

Cosmic microwave background articles and National Science Foundation (NSF) grant proposal 1967-1979 

66

Atmosphere calculations, graphs 1967-1972 

66

Cosmic radiation articles and notes 1967-1979 

67

AFAL Catalog atmospheric lines data printouts 1969 

67

Cosmic background galaxy articles 1969-1978 

67

Local astrophysical notes 1969-1979 

67

Atmosphere, Earth based submillimeter astronomy circa 1960s to 1970s 

67

R. Omnes The Possible Role of Elementary Particle Physics in Cosmology 1971 April 

67

Solar luminosity fluctuations 1971-1978 

68

Far infrared background radiation detection techniques 1972-1979 

68

Articles by others 1973-1975 

68

John C. Mather, Far Infrared Spectrometry of the Cosmic Background Radiation (Ph.D. thesis) 1974 January 

68

Observational Cosmology: the Isotropy of the Primordial Black Body Radiation research proposal 1974 November 4 

68

David Paul Woody, An Observation of the Submillimeter Cosmic Background Spectrum (Ph.D. thesis) 1975 November 13 

68

Atmosphere 1975 

68

Cosmic background reviews 1975-1978 

68

Cosmic microwave experiment proposal 1976 

68

Motion of the galaxy and cosmic background radiation articles 1976-1977 

69

Polarization 1977-1979 

69

Review article 1977-1979 

69

H2O and O3 emission 1978 

69

Brian Elliott Corey, the Dipole Anisotropy of the Cosmic Microwave Background at a Wavelength of 1.6 cm (2 folders) 1978 February 

69

George Smoot, Observational Cosmology: A Measurement of the Low Frequency Portion of the Spectrum of the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation 1978 May 15 

69

Resolution function and O2 calibration notes between Davis Woody and Rainer Weiss 1978-1980 

69

AWD notes on 3°K measurements 1979 

69

Atmospheric calculations using A5M051, A5M052 1979 December 

69

Measurement of the Cosmic Background Large-Scale Anisotropy in the Millimetric Region, review by Rainer Weiss 1979-1980 

69

Isotropy and anisotropy research proposal and article 1979-1980 

69

Atmospheric emission assumptions 1979-1981 

69

Rainer Weiss, Measurements of the Cosmic Background Radiation circa 1980 

69

Atmosphere data 1980 

70

Anisotropy of the Diffuse Background at Millimeter Wavelengths 1987-1988 

68

Proposal for Multi-Channel Cosmic Background Anisotropy Measurement 

68

Instrumentation for Millimeter and Microwave Astronomy proposal 

68

Articles about COBE 1987-1989 

70

M. Bester, W.C. Danchi, C.G. Degiacomi, L.J. Greenhill, and C.H. Townes Atmospheric Fluctuations - Empirical Structure Functions and Projected Performance of Future Instruments Astrophysical Journal (Berkley: University of California; 1991) 1991 

70

COBE talk at Copenhagen 1979 

70

COBE publication policies (2 folders) 1984-1988 

70

Articles 1985-1986 

70

COBE publications 1985 

70

COBE Science Article Infrared Astronomy after IRAS 1986 February 

70

COBE The Right Stuff Datamation article 1986 January 

70

Articles 1988-1989 

70

COBE publications 1990 

70

Articles 1990-1992 

71

COBE mission paper 1991 

71

COBE papers 1993 January to May 

71

COBE expendable Launch Vehicle 1986 

71

3K Anisotropy Presentation 1987 

71

Demonstration of the Capabilities of the David System 1988 

71

COBE presentations 1990 

71

COBE presentations 1991 

71

COBE presentations 1992 

71

Presentations 1988-1989 

71

COBE press release 1992 April 1 to May 

71

Publicity 1987-1992 

71

Return to Table of Contents »


 Series 3 LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory) Records 

Scope and Contents of the Series

SERIES 3, Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) Records, consists of materials documenting the inception and early development of LIGO.

from the February 2016 LIGO Press Conference Fact Sheet: "What is LIGO? LIGO consists of two widely separated interferometers within the United States—one in Hanford, Washington, and the other in Livingston, Louisiana—each a laser interferometer inside an L-shaped ultra-high vacuum tunnel and operated in unison to detect a gravitational wave. The California Institute of Technology and Massachusetts Institute of Technology led the design, construction and operation of the NSF-funded facilities."

Materials in the Rainer Weiss papers include information about site decisions, National Science Foundation grant proposals, and many articles and publications about the project. There are also technical reports outlining cost estimates; articles, reviews, and press coverage pertaining to LIGO; some correspondence about grants and speaking engagements; a proposal for the LISA project; correspondence and handouts pertaining to a workshop on LIGO; and data about and from LIGO prototypes. There are also LIGO research documents written by or with members of the larger group of scientists in the LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC).

Box

Proposal National Science Foundation (NSF): A Laser Interferometer Gravitation Wave Observatory (LIGO) Vol I 1989 December 

72

Proposal National Science Foundation (NSF): A Laser Interferometer Gravitation Wave Observatory (LIGO) Vol II 1989 December 

72

LIGO volume I LIGO science and concepts National Science Foundation (NSF) proposal 1989 December 

72

LIGO volume II phase-a design and construction implementation National Science Foundation (NSF) proposal (2 folders) 1989 December 

72

A study of a long baseline gravitational wave antenna system prepared for the National Science Foundation (2 folders) 1983 October 

72

Supplement to a study of a study of a long baseline gravitational wave antenna system 1984 May 

72

Summary and excerpts from a study of a long baseline gravitational wave antenna system 1983 November 

72

LIGO A Near Optimal Solution to the Inverse Problem for Gravitational Wave Bursts 1989 June 

73

Technical report volume I: Cost Estimates for a Gravity Wave Antenna 1983 September 

73

Technical report volume II: Cost Estimates for a Gravity Wave Antenna 1983 September 

73

LIGO project list of studies 1991-1992 

73

#01 Laser Interferometer Efficiency and LIGO Power and Cooling Requirements R. Weiss 1988 July 6 

73

#01R Review of Rai's Memo on Laser Power and Cooling Requirements F. Raab 1988 July 22 

73

#02 Pressure Changes in the Beam Tubes with Temperature and Some Theory of Outgassing R. Weiss 1988 June 15 

73

#02R (Review of) Memo 06/15/1988 "Pressure Changes in the Beam Tubes with Temperature and Some Theory of Outgassing" R. Spero 1988 August 30 

73

#02a Dubinin-Radushkevich Isotherms "Appendix to Pressure Changes in the Beam Tubes with Temperature and Some Theory of Outgassing" R. Weiss 1989 January 30 

73

#03 A Model Calculation of Vibration Isolation from Bellows P. Saulson 1989 February 2 

73

#03R (Review of) A Modem Calculation of Vibration Isolation A. Abramovici 1988 July 22 

73

#04 Elementary Geometric Considerations of Light Baffles in a Tube R. Weiss 1988 July 5 

73

#04R Comments on Elementary Geometric Considerations of Light Baffles in a Tube Y. Gursel 1988 July 21 

73

#05 Control Systems and Data Analysis for Large Gravitational Detectors A. Jeffries 1988 June 9 

73

#05R Comments and Additions to Draft Document Control Systems and Data Analysis M. Zucker 1988 July 20 

73

#05a (Archiving Data…) S. Smith 1988 May 23 

73

#06 Wind Induced Motion of Unprotected LIGO Vacuum Pipes P. Saulson 1988 June 7 to 1989 February 2 

73

#06R Review Report (of wind induced motion) 1988 July 20 

73

#07 Aspects of Leak Detection in LIGO Beam Tubes 1988 April 28 to December 16 

73

#07R Comments on LIGO Internal Report Aspects of Leak… 1988 

73

#08 Vacuum Test Facility Description and Experimental Plans B. Moore 1988 June 7 

73

#09 Mechanical Noise from Optical Contracting R. Weiss 1988 July 16 

73

#09R Comments on Mechanical Noise from Optical Contracting A. Cedez 1988 August 11 

73

#10 LIGO Interferometer Light Budget 1988 August 8 

73

#11 (re: Scattering in Fabry-Perot) K. Thorne 1988 August 21 

73

#12 Notes on the Concept of a Half/Full Length Interferometer System 1988 August 28 

73

# 12R Review of Ron Drever's memo on Half Length/Full Length Interferometer System P. Saulson 1988 November 16 

73

#13 Zeroth Pass at "Receiver/Facility Interface Questions M. Zucker 1988 June 16 

73

#14 Variable Transmission Mirror for Recycling A. Abramovici 1988 August 19 

73

#14R Review of Variable Transmission Mirror for Recycling J. Livas 1988 September 30 

73

#15 Memo on Scattering in LIGO Vacuum Pipes A. Cadez 1988 August 30 to 1989 January 26 

73

#16 Test of Optical Homogeneity of Thick SiO2 M. Burka 1988 September 6 

73

#17 A Reflective Quad cell Position Sensor J. Kovalik, P. Saulson 1988 July 5 

73

#18 Electrical Vacuum Feed through Research J. Livas 1988 July 25 

73

#19 Requirements on the Building Structure that will house the Vacuum Chamber of LIGO Detectors Y. Gursel 1988 October 3 

73

#19R Review of "Requirements on Building Structure…" M. Burka 1988 November 30 

73

#20 An Improved Mode Cleaner for the 40m Prototype A. Abramovici 1991 January 23 

73

#20 Do Wiggle Effects Depend on Mode Cleaner Length? A. Abramovici 1989 January 10 

73

#21 Notes on Reasons for Incorporating Gate Values in Test Mass Tanks and on Possible Scenarios of LIGO Ops R. Drever 1988 October 5 

73

#22 Vibration Isolation Using Rubber & Metal Springs: An Overview of Past Experiments & Test in Grav. Phys. Lab Y. Gursel 1988 September 1 

73

#23 Preliminary Seismic Survey of the LLO site LSU Report 1988 October 22 

73

#23R Comments on the Preliminary Seismic Survey of the LLO Site Including Recommendations of Site Suitability 1988 November 

74

#24 Notes on Baffle Beam Parameters Relevant for Scattering Estimates R. Drever 1988 November 14 

74

#25 Proposed Layout of LIGO Office and Shop Areas W. Althouse 1988 November 2 

74

#26 Proposed Power Handling and Reflectivity of Tests of Mode Cleaner Mirrors M. Zucker 1988 November 18 

74

#27 Pressure Specifications for LIGO A. Abramovici 1989 February 5 

74

#27R1 Comments on "Pressure Specifications for LIGO" W. Althouse 1988 November 12 

74

#27R2 Comments on "Pressure Specifications for LIGO" B. Moore 1988 December 12 

74

#28 Draft Site Chapter for LIGO Design Handbook P. Saulson 1988-1989 

74

#29 Report on Seismic Isolation & Suspension Systems - Intro to the Issues & Status of Res. at MIT & CITY. Gursel 1988 October 28 

74

#30 LIGO Electrical Power W. Althouse 1988 November 30 

74

#30R Comments on LIGO Electrical Power Study R. Spero 1989 March 2 

74

#31a Operations Scenario F. Raab 1988 December 1 

74

#31b Outline of Draft on Phase A. Operations P. Saulson & R. Weiss 1988 December 7 

74

#31c Thoughts on LIGO Phase A Operations Scenario P. Saulson 1988 December 14 

74

#31d Initial Notes on Strategy and Tactics in Operation of LIGO over two Stages in the Program 1988 December 15 

74

#32 Measurements of Stainless Steel Hydrogen Content B. Moore 1988 December 6 

74

#33 Dust Accumulation on Optics Scattering & Requirements on Clean Area for LIGO R. Weiss 1988 December 9 

74

#33R1 Review of "Dust Accumulation on Optics Scattering & Requirements on Clean Area for LIGO" A. Cedez 1989 January 6 

74

#33R2 Comments on Memo "Dust Accumulation on Optics Scattering & Requirements on Clean Area for LIGO" R. Spero 1989 January 6 

74

#34 Draft Specification for the Slope of LIGO Arms P. Saulson 1988 December 10 

74

#35 Seismic Noise Surveys of a chosen LIGO Site Y. Gursel 1988 December 14 

74

#36 Light Scattering of Proposed Bottle Configuration for LIGO K. Thorne 1989 January 11 

74

#37 Estimate of Receiver Gas Load M. Burke 1988 December 23 

74

#38 Orientation of LIGO Receivers Y. Gusel & M. Tinto 1988 December 29 

74

#39 Draft on Phase A Operations R. Weiss 1988 December 

74

#40 Thermal Considerations for LIGO Tubes R. Weiss 1988 December 

74

#41 Optical Properties of the LIGO Beam Tubes R. Weiss 1989 January 17 

74

#41a An Error in "Optical Properties of the LIGO Beam" R. Weiss 1989 February 19 

74

#42 Some notes on the Effect of Slope F. Raab 1989 February 2 

74

#43 Draft Report on Imported Noise P. Saulson 1989 January 2 

74

#44 Delay Line Scaling R. Weiss 1989 February 8 

74

#44a The ingredients of the Choice of 43 inches for a LIGO delay line at 1.06 R. Weiss 1989 February 16 

74

#45 Notes of sapphire M. Burka 1989 February 21 

74

#46 On Local Coincidences Mid-station and Correlated Noise P. Saulson 1989 February 21 

74

#47 An Optimal Solution to the Inverse Problem for Gravitational Wave Bursts Gursel & Tinto 1989 February 24 

74

#48 LIGO Optics Vibration Levels Equivalent to Shot Noise in the advanced Detectors A. Abramovici 1989 February 24 

74

#49 Draft: Scattering by Residual Gas 10/88 typed R. Weiss 1988 October 

74

#49a Vacuum on Fore Optics received R. Weiss 1989 April 20 

74

#50 Shot Noise in the two Beam Interferometers 11/88 typed R. Weiss 1989 February 

74

#51 Proposed Plan for Developing LIGO Scale Optical Components R. Spero 1989 February 7 

74

#52 LIGO Rationale for a Two-Site Observatory Under One Management R. Vogt 1989 April 3 

74

#53 Follow-up Comments to the Tutorial on Power Spectral Density R. Spero 1989 March 2 

74

#54 Contrast, Throughput, and Storage Time of Two-Mirror Cavities R. Spero 1989 March 2 

74

#55 Report on Vibration Isolation Requirements for LIGO Optical Components Abramovici & Saulson 1989 March 2 

74

#55a Addendum to Report on Vibration Requirements Abramovici & Saulson 1989 March 6 

74

#56 "Chamber Concepts" Notes by WA & FR WA, RD, FR, RV, MZ 1989 March 6 

74

#57 Environmental Specifications AA, YG, RS, RW 1989 March 7 to March 8 

74

#57a Draft Summary of Environmental Specification Saulson & Weiss 1989 March 8 

74

#57b Comments on the Environmental Specifications 1989 March 8 

74

#57c Power Conditioning in the Facilities and Grounding R. Weiss 1989 April 19 

74

#57d Temperature of the Beam Tubes R. Weiss 1989 April 19 

74

#57e Magnetic Field Monitoring R. Weiss 1989 April 19 

74

#57f Vacuum Monitor for Interferometer Phase Fluctuations R. Weiss 1989 April 20 

74

#58 Auxiliary Physical Measurements for LIGO 3/89 AA, MB, YG, PS, RW 1989 March 6 to March 8 

74

#58a Draft Summary of requirements for Auxiliary Physical Measurements Saulson 1989 March 8 

75

#59 Report on the LIGO Receivers/Facilities Interface - Electrical & Optical Feedthroughs AJ, RS, MZ 1989 March 9 

75

#59a Receiver/Facility Interfaces - outline Draft P. Saulson 1989 March 2 

75

#59b Concerning: Receiver/Facility Interface R. Weiss 1989 March 13 

75

#59c Report on Receiver - Facility Interface P. Saulson 1989 March 13 

75

#60 Specifications for Optical Link Pipe Between Beam generating Systems of Inter. In Separate Mass Tanks R. Drever 1989 March 10 

75

#61 LIGO Support Facilities AA, MB, FR, MZ 1989 March 13 

75

#62 Report on LIGO Control Systems & Data Analysis-Computer & Data Sys Requirements for Phase A 1989 March 13 

75

#63 Evaluation of Baffle Requirements for LIGO Beam Tubes R. Weiss 1989 March 1 

75

#64 LIGO Mission, Evolution, Configuration, Early Operations Chapter 1 of Design Handbook 1989 March 1 

75

#65 Fabry-Perot Properties R. Weiss 1989 March 14 

75

#66 Frequency Stabilization Fundamental Noise Terms R. Weiss 1989 March 14 

75

#67 Analysis of Steady State Reflection Sensing of a Cavity by Pound R. Drever 1989 March 14 

75

#68 Summary of Contrast Changes of a Function of Misalignment of two Gaussian Beams R. Weiss 1989 March 14 

75

#69 A Note on Reasons to Place Optical Components in Vacuum P. Saulson 1989 March 15 

75

#70 Alignment of LIGO Beam Tubes M. Burka 1989 March 17 

75

#71 Initial Assessment of Scattering Effects in Vacuum Enclosures of LIGO Interferometers Outside Main Pipes 1989 March 15 

75

#72 Outline of a Proposed Design for a 1st Receiver for Installation in the Long-Baseline Facilities of Fabry-Perot 1987 September 10 

75

#73 Notes on the Mirror Heating Problem 1989 March 29 

75

#74 Thermal Noise in Fiber Flexure Pendulum Suspensions 1989 April 10 

75

#75 Scaling of the Identified Scattering Noise with Tube Parameters R. Weiss 1989 April 17 

75

#76 Report on LIGO Interferometers Initial Design and Performance for Sample Configurations 1989 April 18 

75

#76a Comments and Additions to the report on LIGO Interferometers Initial Design R. Drever 1989 April 26 

75

#77 Summary of Present Estimates for Tube Motion and Baffling with and without Additional Tube Roughening R. Weiss 1989 April 19 

75

#78 Analysis of Corrugated Tube as Light Scatterer R. Weiss 1989 April 19 

75

#79 LIGO Requirements for Intrasite Communication and Data Links R. Weiss 1989 April 20 

75

#80 Steps Toward Optimal Design of Vibration Isolation Stacks 1989 April 21 

75

#81 Processes That May Cause Noise From Scattered Light in the Instrumentation Chambers & Vacuum Pipes R. Weiss 1989 April 25 

75

#82 Proposed Research Program on Thermal Noise P. Saulson 1989 April 26 

75

#83 Preliminary Report on Shark Sensor/Transducer Development M. Zucker 1989 April 28 

75

#84 Determination of Signal Parameters for Gravitational Wave Bursts Y. Gursel & M. Tinto 1989 May 30 

75

#85 Motivations for Scattered Measurement M. Burka 1989 July 19 

75

#86 Sensitivity of Coincidence Gravity Wave Busts Experiments Involving Individual LIGO Detectors of Diff Sens. YG, MT, RD 1989 August 4 

75

#87 Full vs. Midlength Interferometers (LIGO Mid Stations) P. Saulson 1989 August 4 

75

#88 Use of the Third Capability on LIGO R. Weiss 1989 August 5 

75

#89 Comparison of the Attributes on Liabilities of 3 Full Length Interferometers in the Initial Phase 1989 March 6 

75

#90 Evaluation of the three Full Length Interferometer System vs a System with 2 Full Length and a half-length Interferometer 1989 August 7 

75

#91 Design of Small Angle Scatterometer Burka 1989 August 12 

75

#92 Report of 40 Meter Prototype conceptual Design Team AA, RD, YG, FR, RW, MZ 1989 September 27 

75

#93 Multiple Interferometer Coincidence Detection and the Half Length Interferometer 1989 October 11 

75

#94 Integration Time, Measurement, Time: Standardized Definitions A. Abramovici 1989 October 10 

75

#95 Thermal Lensing from Beam Absorption in a Mirror Substrate A. Abramovici 1990 February 15 

75

#96 The Rigid Inline-Modulated Interferometer at MIT: A Summary of Results PF, DS, RW 1990 March 27 

75

#97 Beam Imaging Diagnostic Systems MB, PF, PS 1990 March 27 

75

#98 Output of Gnplot with Model Parameters for LIGO Broadbank Recycled External Modulation R. Weiss 1990 March 27 

75

#99 Sensitivity to a Stochastic Gravitational Radiation Background Using Dual Recycling Fabry-Perot NC 1990 March 28 

75

#100 Coincidence Sensitivity of Detectors at Varying Distances R. Weiss 1990 May 8 

75

#101 Birefringence and Reflective Index in Homogeneity on Fused Silica Test Masses M. Burka 1990 February 9 

75

#102 Corrugated Tube Test Report L. Jones 1990 March 2 

75

#103 Aspect Ratio and Internal Thermal Noise in Test Masses A. Abramovici 1990 March 23 

75

#104 Alignment Requirements for Pockels Cells and Polarizers in a Phase Correcting Server A. Abramovici 1990 August 11 

75

#105 Effect of Pockels Cell Misalignment K. Kawamura 1990 September 22 

75

#106 Mirror Orientation Noise in the Interferometers 1991 April 24 

75

#107 Characterization of the Caltech 40m Lab Prototype Seismic Isolation Stock 1991 September 10 

75

#108 Estimation of Special Optical Properties of a Triangular Ring Cavity FR, SW 1992 February 6 

76

#109 Considerations of the RMS Motion of the LIGO Cavity Mirrors 1992 February 20 

76

#110 Diffraction Loss and Minimum Mirror Size R. Spero 1992 February 28 

76

#111 Transmission of Optical Power Transients by Fabry-Perot Cavities: Laser Power Stabilization… 1990 October 31 

76

#112 Near-Thermal Excitation of Violin Modes in the Test-Mass Suspension Wires of the 40m Prototype AG, TL, FR 1992 May 19 

76

#113 Intensity Noise K. Kawamura 1992 June 24 

76

#114 An Investigation of Violin Resonances in the Test-Mass Suspension of the 40m Mark I Prototype AG, FR 1992 October 5 

76

Michael Burka, 40m Support Structure Model 1991 April 29 

76

A. Abramovici, "An Improved Mode Cleaner for the 40m Prototype" 1990 October 16 

76

"An Investigation of Coupled Resonances in Materials Suitable for Test Masses in Gravitational Wave Detectors" 1992 

76

A. Gillespie, "Beam Displacement Noise of the Air Laser" 1990 October 3 

76

Mike Burka, "Birefringence and Refractive Index Inhomogeneity in Fused Silica Test Masses" 1990 February 9 

76

N. Mavalvala and others, "Characterization of the Caltech 40m Prototype Stack" 1991 August 28 

76

R.W.P. Drever, "Coincidence Gravitational Wave Burst Experiments with Wide Band Detectors of Differing Sensitivity" circa 1991 

76

Weiss review of the book Detection of Gravitational Waves in  Nature Vol 353 1991 October 17 

76

MIT science group circulated articles 1991-1992 

76

Gravity Wave Astronomy, Some Mathematical Aspects by L.P. Grishchuk 1992 

76

Intensity Variation in a Fabry-Perot Cavity S. Kawamura 1992 February 20 

76

The LIGO 40m Prototype Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Detector M. Zucker circa 1991 

76

Estimation of Special Optical Properties of a Triangular Ring Cavity by F. Raab and S. Whitcomb 1992 

76

Modint by Rainer Weiss 1991 March 18 

76

Proposal for Recombination & Recycling Experiments with Unbalanced Interferometers M. Regehr, F. Raab and S. Whitcomb 1991 

76

Test Mass Orientation Noise in the LIGO 40m Prototype S. Kawamara circa 1991 

76

Sources of Gravitational Waves and Their Detection K. Thorne 1990 October 

76

Specifying Transmission for the Monolithic Test Masses A. Abramovici 1990 October 3 

76

"Vibration Isolation Stacks for Gravitational Wave Detectors - Finite Element Analysis" C. Cantley, J. Hough 1992 

76

Parameter Studies of Delayline Laser Interferometer (Tenko 10) for Gravitational Wave Antenna Development N. Kawashima circa 1992 

76

100 M Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Antenna - Tenko - 100 N. Kawashima circa 1990s 

76

"The Graviton Project" by O. Aguiar presented at the GR-13 (Argentina) circulated by R. Vogt 1992 August 25 

76

Letter and Papers by Vladimir Braginksy circulated by R. Vogt 1992 August 25 

76

"Quantum Noise Limited Interferometric Phase Measurement" Andrew Stevenson circulated by R. Vogt 1992 June 30 

76

Articles circa 1990s 

76

LIGO news articles 1986-1994 

76

The U.S. LIGO Project R. Vogt 1991 September 

76

LIGO Science Magazine paper draft circa 1991 

77

"LIGO the Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory," Science Vol. 256 1992 April 17 

77

LIGO approval process for publications 1994 September 

77

LIGO, its goals, and the reviews it has undergone 1991 May 

77

LIGO presentation handout circa 1990s 

77

LIGO factsheet and overview 1991 

77

Caltech roster 1991 May 

77

"Dust Accumulation on Optics, Scattering and Requirements on Clean Area for LIGO" review, AC, RS 1989 January 5 

77

LIGO articles 1992-1995 

77

Apparent Relaxation in the Frequency Noise of a Diode-Pumped Miniature Nd:YAG Ring laser"; "A 5-W, All Solid-State Laser for Precision Interferometry" by A.D. Farinas, 1994 August; "A 40 W cw, TEMoo Mode, Diode-Laser-Pumped, Nd:YAG miniature Slab Laser" by R.J. Shine, A.J. Alfrey and R.L. Byer, 1994; "A High Accuracy Method for the Simulation of non-ideal Optical Cavities" by J. Y. Vinet, P. Hello, C. Man, A. Brillet; "A Pulsar Search Using Data Compression with the Garching Gravitational-Wave Detector" by T. Niebauer, et al.; "An Investigation of Limitations to Quality Factor Measurements of Suspended Masses" by Logan, Robertson, Hough; "An Investigation of Noise from the Test Mass Damping System in the Mark II 40m Interferometer" by S. Kawamura, 1994 February 1; "Analytical Models of Transient Thermoelastic Deformations of Mirrors Heated" by High Power CW laser Beams P. Hello, Y Vinet; "Aspects of the Thermal Motion of a Mass Suspended as a Pendulum" by Wires J. Logan, J. Hough and N. Robertson, 1983 September 21 

LIGO articles 1993-1995 

77

"Automatic Alignment of Optical Interferometers" by E. Morrison, B. Meers, D. Robertson and H. Ward; "Baseline - 1" draft 1995 March 22; "Birefringence -Induced Losses in Interferometers" by W. Winkler A. Rudiger; "Brownian Motion from Internal Friction" by G. Gonzalez and P. Saulson; "Brownian Motion of a Mass Suspended by an Anelastic Wire" by G. Gonzalez and P. Saulson; "Brownian Motion Spectrum in a Torsion Pendulum with Internal Friction" by G. Gonzalez and P. Saulson; "Bucking of a Vibration Isolation stack for Gravity Wave Detectors" by K. Kuroda; "Byer Nd: YAG Proposal" by R. Weiss; "Comparison of 2 Fixed Mass Interferometer Testbeds and the resulting Recommendation for the Initial LIGO Interferometer Design" 

LIGO articles 1988-1994 

77

"Compound Pendulum Test Mass Systems for Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Detectors" by L. Ju and D. Blair; "Conceptual Design of Advanced LIGO Vibration Isolation Systems and Effect on Vacuum Equipment Design" by J. Li and L. Seivers; "Delay Line Scaling" by R. Weiss; "Detection Measurement & Gravitational Radiation" by Lee Finn, 1992 July 20; "Detection of Small Pressure Pulses in an Ion Pumped UHV-System" by G. Rapschus et al.; "Dust Accumulation on Optics, Scattering and Requirements on Clean Area For LIGO" by R. Weiss; "DC Strain Effects in Anelastic Oscillators" by Y. Huang and P. Saulson, 1993 June 2; "Draft on Phase A Operations" by R. Weiss 

LIGO articles 1989-1995 

77

"Design of Suspension Systems for Measurement of High Q Pendulums" by J. Gao, L. Ju, D. Blair; "Do Wiggle Effects Depend on Mode Cleaner Length?" by AA; "Dubinin-Radushkevich Isotherms (Appendix to Memo 61588.tex)" by R. Weiss; "Energy Dissipation in the Violin Modes of Suspension of Fused Silica Pendula"; "Estimate of Receiver Gas Load" by mb; "Experimental Demonstration of an Automatic System for Optical Interferometers" by E. Morrison, B. Meers, D. Robertson, H. Ward; "External Phase Modulation Interferometry" by M. Gray, A. Stevenson, C. Harb, H. Bachor, D. McClelland; "Frequency and Intensity Noise in an Injection-Locked, Solid-State Laser"; "GEO 600, A 600 m Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Antenna"; "Gravitational Radiation, Inspiraling Binaries, and Cosmology" by D. Chernoff, L. Finn; "Gravity Waves from Mini-Creation Events" by P. Das Gupta J.V Narliker; "Harmonic Demodulation of Non-Stationary Shot Noise" by M. Gray A. Stevenson, H. Bachor, D. McClelland; "High Sensitivity Gravitational Wave Antenna with Parametric Transducer Readout" by D. Blair, E. Ivanov, M. Tobar; "Highly Sensitive Wideband Seismometer Using a Laser Interferometer" by A. Araya K. Kawabe et al. 

LIGO articles 1988-1995 

77

Hughes Danbury Proposal ("Manufacturing of Two Cavity Mirrors"); "Imaging Black Holes in Gravitational Waves" by M. Sazhin; "Improvements at Low Frequency in the Interferometric Test of the Suspensions of the VIRGO Gravitational Wave Antenna" by S. Branccini et al.; "Information about the Maine Site" by R. Weiss; "The Ingredients of the Choice of 43" For a LIGO Delay Line at 1.06m" by R. Weiss; "Interferometer Topology Decision: Summary and View Graphs" by L. Seivers 1993 September 30; "The Inverted Pendulum as a Probe of Anelasticity" by P. Saulson, R. Stebbins, F. Dumont, S. Mock 1992 December 31; "The Issues in the Analysis of Gravitational Wave Receiver Output Which May Influence the Design of the Instrument"; "The Last Three Minutes: Issues in Gravitational Wave Measurements of Coalescing Compact Binaries" by Cutler et al.; "Leak Detection in the 2km Beamtube Modules" by R. Weiss 1994 January 

LIGO articles 1988-1994 

78

"The LIGO/VIRGO Gravitational-Wave Detection System" by Kip Thorne 1993 March; "Light Scattering in the Mode Picture" by W. Winkler R. Schilling K. Danzmann; "Light Scattering and Proposed Baffle Configuration for LIGO"; "LIGO 2-Site Observatory" by R. Vogt; "LIGO: The Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory" by A. Abramovici, W. Althouse R. Drever at al.; "LIGO Beam Tube Vacuum Initial Requirement and Goal," "The Vacuum Report" by R. Weiss 1993 January; LIGO Electric Power LIGO engineering staff; "LIGO Interferometer Light Budget (2nd draft)" by aa 

LIGO articles 1988-1995 

78

"LIGO Mission Definition" by rd, fr, rv; "LIGO -- Mission Evolution, Configuration and Early Operations" by wa, rd, fr, rv; "LIGO Optics Vibration Levels Equivalent to Shot Noise Detectors" by aa; "LIGO Science Team Workplan" by F. Raab; "Vacuum System Study" by jl, bm; "LIGO Work Plans (From Caltech)"; "LISA, Laser Interferometer Space Antenna for Gravitational Wave Measurements"; "Losses in Pendular Suspensions Due to Centrifugal Coupling" by S. Pitre, S. Dhurandhar, D. Blair L. Ju; "Low Resonant Frequency Cantilever Spring Vibration Isolator for Gravitational Wave Detectors" by L. Ju D. Blair; "Mass-Spectroscopic Certification of Materials for Use in Vacuum with Supermirrors" by A. Abramovici 1993 November 9; "Measurement of Birefringence in a Suspended Sample of Fused Silica" by J. Logan, N. Robertson, J. Hough; "Measurement of the Seismic Motion and the Displacement of the Floor in the Tristan Ring" by R. Sugahara 1993 October 1 

LIGO articles 1988-1993 

78

"Memo of Scattering in LIGO Vacuum Pipes" by ac; "Metrological Characteristics of a Group of Quadruple Partial Pressure Analyzers" by R. Savage 1993 March; "Mirror Orientation Noise in a Fabry-Perot Interferometer Gravitational Wave Detector" by S. Kawmura and M. Zucker; "Modeling Diffraction by Using Monte-Carlo Photons" by J. Y. Vinet; "Modintism" by R. Weiss 1991 March 18; "Noise Behavior of the Barching 30m Prototype Gravitational-Wave Detector" by D. Shoemaker et al.; "Notes on Proposal Review" by E. Franzgrote; "Notes on the Concept of a Half-Length Interferometer System" by rd; "Notes on the Reasons for INC. Gate Valves in Test Mass Tanks and on Possible Scenarios Near Start of LIGO Operations"; "Notes on Sapphire" by mb; "Numerical Model of Transient Thermal Effects in High Power Optical Resonators" by P. Hello, J.Y. Vinet 

LIGO articles 1988-1994 

78

"Observing Binary Inspiral in Gravitational Radiation: One Interferometer" by Lee Finn and David Cheroff 1992 November 18; "Old Estimates on Gas Line Installation Costs and Note on Ion Pump Costs" by R. Weiss; "Optical Distortion in Gsanger Pockels Cells" by P. Fritschel, P. Saha, I. Bana; "Optical Properties of the LIGO Beam Tubes" by R. Weiss; "Orientation of LIGO Receivers," with addendum I and II by yg & mt 

LIGO articles 1988-1994 

78

"Orientation of LIGO Receivers," with addendum I and II) by yg & mt; "Outline of Draft Concerning Initial Operations for LIGO" by R. Weiss; "Pendulum Fused Silica Oscillators with Small Dissipation" by V. Mitrofanov, O. Okhrimenko; "Pressure Pulses: Activities to Detect Pressure pulses caused by UHV Vacuum Pumps" by G. Rapschus, R. Niepraschk; "Pressure Specification for LIGO" by aa; "Proposal for a 600m Laser Interferometric Gravitational Wave Antenna - GEO 600" by J. Hough et al. 

LIGO articles 1988-1994 

78

"Proposal for a recombination of the 40m Interferometer" by T. Lyons, F. Raab; "Proposed Layout of LIGO Office and Shop areas" by R. Weiss; "Recommended Environments for Standards Laboratories" 

LIGO articles 1988-1994 

78

"Reduction of the Intensity Noise in a Diode-Pumped Neodymium: YAG Nonplanar Ring Laser" by C. Harb & H. Bachor 1993 January; "References on Metal Bellows" by R. Weiss; "Report of the Ad-Hoc Working Group on the Future of Interferometric Gravitational Wave Antennas in Europe" by R. Weiss; "Report on Seismic Isolation & Suspension Systems: Intro to the Issues & Status of Res. at MIT & CIT"; "Report on Vibration Isolation Requirements for LIGO Optical Components" by aa, ps; "Report on the LIGO Receivers/Facilities Interface: Electrical and Optical Feedthroughs For Phase A Vacuum Chambers"; "Requirements on the Building Structures That Will House the Vacuum Chambers of the LIGO Detectors" by yg; "Resonant Cavity Models for Length Control (Draft 2)" by D. Redding 1994 February 9; "Resonant Sideband Extraction: A New Configuration for Interferometric Gravitational Wave Detectors" by J. Mizuno et al.; "Draft: Scattering by Residual Gas" by R. Weiss; "Scattering of Light by Random Surfaces" by J-Y Vinet 1993 September 4; "Shot Noise in Two Beam Interferometers" by R. Weiss; "Slow Drift and Frequency Spectra on Ground Motion" by S. Takeda et al. 1993 October 1; "Some Notes on the Effect of Slope" by rf; "The Spectral Strain Sensitivity Representation of Resonant-Mass Gravitational Wave Antenna" by M. Tobar, D. Blair 

LIGO articles 1993-1995 

79

"Statement of Work Pathfinder Q Measurements" by R. Savage; "Surface Specification for the LIGO Arm Cavity Mirrors" by R. Weiss 1983 November 1; "Suspension Losses in the Pendula of Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Detectors" by A. Gillespie, F. Raab; "Thermal Considerations for LIGO Tubes" by R. Weiss; "Thermal Lensing in Recycling Interferometric Gravitational Wave Detectors"; "Thermal Noise in the Test Mass Suspensions of a Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Detector Prototype" by F. Raab; "Thermally Excited Vibrations of the Mirrors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Detector"; "Torque Fused Silica Oscillators with Small Dissipation"; "Transfer Function of a Crossed Wire Pendulum Isolation System"; "Triple Pendulum Vibration Isolation System for a Laser Interferometer" by K. Tsubone et al.; "The Truncated Icosahedral Gravitational Wave Antenna" by W. Johnson, S. Merkowitz; "Ultra-High Q Pendulum Suspensions for Gravitational Wave Detectors" by D. Blair et al.; "Ultra-Low Frequency Oscillator Using A Pendulum with Crossed Suspension Wires" by M. Barton, K. Kuroda 

LIGO articles 1987-1993 

79

"Updated Plan for Separate Suspensions of the Beamsplitter Components in the 40m Prototype" by M. Zucker; "Vacuum Compatible Optical Tables" by R. Weiss; "Variable Transmission Mirror for Recycling" by aa; "Vibration Isolation for Gravitational Wave Detection" by D. Blair, L. JU, H. Peng; "Vibration Isolation Using Rubber & Metal Springs: An Overview of past Experiences & Planned Tests in the GPL at CIT" by yg; "Viewgraphs presented at International Symposium on Neutrino Astrophysics" Japan 1992 October by S. Kawamura; "Welding Techniques and Information Gathered About Them" by R. Weiss; "Wind Induced Motion of Unprotected LIGO Vacuum Pipes" by PS; "Zeroth Pass at the Receiver/Facility Interface Questions" 

Shang Song,"Recycling and Squeezing in High-Precision Optical Measurements," USC dissertation 1994 August 

79

"Requirements on the Building Structures that will House the Vacuum Chambers of the LIGO Wave Detector" review 1988 November 30 

79

"Aspects of Leak Detection in LIGO Beam Tubes" review 1988 July 21 

79

"Control Systems and Data Analysis for Large Gravitational Detectors" review 1988 July 21 

79

"Elementary Geometric Considerations of Light Baffles in a Tube" review 1988 July 21 

79

"Laser, Interferometer Efficiency and LIGO Power, Cooling Requirements" review 1988 July 22 

79

"Wind-Induced Motion of Unprotected LIGO Vacuum Tubes" review 1988 July 20 

79

"Mechanical Noise from Optical Contracting" review 1988 August 11 

79

LIGO studies for review memo 1989 January 13 

79

Gravitational physics program, National Science Foundation (NSF) correspondence 1979 

79

Final Report of the LIGO Site Selection Working Group 1987 August 24 

79

Report to National Science Foundation (NSF) by panel on interferometric observatories for gravitational waves 1987 January 

79

Scientific America, LIGO drawings 1987 

79

Letter to Richard Isaacson regarding physics advisory committee presentation by Isaacson 1986 May 2 

79

Publicity 1985-1987 

79

Gravity wave detector facility publicity packet 1983-1984 

80

Black Holes: The Membrane Paradigm Kip Thorne Lectures 3 and 4 1987 May 4 

80

Experimental Gravitation Newton's Principia to Einstein's GR, Will, C.M undated 

80

Sources undated 

80

Electromagnetically Coupled Broadband Gravitational Antenna RW 1972 

80

Gravitational Radiation: The Status of the Experiments and Prospects for the Future RW undated 

80

Management and Operations Working Group for Shuttle Astronomy Sub-Panel on Relativity and Gravitation undated 

80

Strategy for Space Research in Gravitational Physics in the 1980's 1980 April 18 

80

Jet Propulsion Laboratory Study GWA 1984 June 21 

80

Clark Panel Report Gravity Wave Astronomy 1980 March 23 

80

Wilkinson physics through 1990's 1986 

80

Help for gravity waves chapter from Wilkinson 1984 June 22 

80

Wilkinson panel 1984-1985 

80

R.W.P. Drever, "Interferometric Detectors for Gravitational Radiation" 1982 

80

Hand written notes or report 1983 December 21 

80

Stone and Webster annual reports 1974-1980 

80

Supplement to a study of a long baseline gravitational wave antenna system 1984 May 

81

Stone and Webster Engineering Corp., Conceptual studies and cost estimates for surface and subsurface installation of an interferometric gravitational wave antenna Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1983 September 

81

Technical report volume 1, cost estimates for a gravity wave antenna 1983 September 

81

Technical report volume 2, cost estimates for a gravity wave antenna 1983 September 

81

Continuation proposal for interferometric broadband gravitational antenna 1987 February 

81

LIGO proposal to NSF 1985 

81

LIGO patent report 1992 April 

81

National Science Foundation (NSF) physics program 1980s 

81

LIGO National Science Foundation (NSF) grant correspondence 1987-1988 

81

Response functions 1984 

81

LIGO project updates and meetings 1984-1985 

82

LIGO project updates 1985 December to 1986 February 

82

LIGO workshops and meetings 1986 

82

Milestones, quarterly reports 1985-1987 

82

LIGO quarterly report 1988 

82

LIGO meetings 1984-1987 

82

LIGO functional requirements 1985-1987 

82

LIGO meetings with congressional staff 1986 

82

Congress 1986 

82

General Electric (GE) and Perkin-Elmer correspondence 1986 

82

Project funds and costs 1985-1987 

82

Power costs 1980s 

82

LIGO revisions, memorandum of understanding 1986-1987 

82

Project plan 1984-1985 

83

Phase sensitivity calculation; Spero, "Contrast, Throughput, and Storage Time of Two-Mirror Cavities" 1987 

83

Shot noise in two beam interferometers 1987-1988 

83

LIGO meeting notes and correspondence 1986 

83

Burst sources circa 1980s 

83

Nd YAG slab 1986 January 9 

83

Culvert and vacuum pipe for LIGO 1986 

83

Vacuum information 1985-1987 

83

Pressure vessel endstation 1984 July 

83

Various 1985-1986 

83

Perkin-Elmer statement of work 1986 April 9 

83

Personnel advertisement 1984-1985 

83

Final and preliminary reports of the LIGO site selection working group 1987 

83

Landowners meet 1988 

83

Land acquisition 1986-1987 

83

Sites east (2 folders) 1985-1987 

83

Maps 1980s 

83

Cherryfield, Maine 1986 April 

84

Hale and Hamlin 1985-1986 

84

Hawes 1986 

84

West site 1986 

84

Nevada, Utah 1985-1986 

84

California alternate sites 1985-1986 

84

Site information 1986-1987 

84

Site selection criteria 1984-1986 

84

Report of siting study interferometric broad band gravitational antenna 1983 September 

84

Memorandum of understanding (MOU), LIGO, AFFTC, security 1985-1987 

84

Data acquisition system letter from Alan Bostick 1985 September 16 

84

Project office proposal and budget 1985-1987 

84

Collaborations, talks, conferences 1986-1988 

84

China 1987 

84

Cardiff 1987 

85

Abstracts 1986 

85

LISA proposal 1993 May 

85

Recipients of final report 1988 

85

Panel report to the National Science Foundation (NSF) by the panel on interferometric observatories for gravitational waves 1987 January 

85

National Science Foundation (NSF) report drafts 1986 

85

Draft I 1986 November 

85

Draft II and figures 1986-1987 

85

National Science Foundation (NSF) November workshop on gravitational wave physics and astronomy 1986 

85

Lloyd A. Hackel correspondence regarding November workshop 1986 

85

Request for comments on November workshop 1986 

85

Information and mailing about November workshop 1986 

85

Documents for November workshop 1986 

85

Various articles (2 folders) 1986-1987 

85

LIGO description, budget, viewgraphs 1986 

86

Patents 1983 

86

Astrophysical Sources of Gravitational Waves K. Thorne, B. Schutz 1980s 

86

Principles of Gravitational Wave Detection B. Michelson 1986 

86

Michelson Type Interferometers R. Weiss 1986 

86

1.5m Prototype J. Livas 1986 

86

Proposed Revisions to Caltech/MIT Proposal for Engineering Design R. Weiss 1986 October 24 

86

Performance of the 30m Prototype 1986 

86

Brief Science and Political History of LIGO Project, K. Thorne 1986 

86

Viewgraphs from Talks From Caltech Group 1986 November 11 

86

Impulsive Sources visuals 1986 

86

LIGO Conceptual Design and Functional Requirements Document 1986 

86

International Collaboration R. Drever 1986 

86

Various workshop related documents 1986-1987 

86

LIGO Design and Project Plans 1986 

86

A British Long Baseline Gravitational Wave Observatory J. Hough 1986 May 

86

Max-Planck Institut fur Quantenoptik three articles on gravitational waves 1984-1985 

86

Various articles by others 1982-1984 

87

Plasma Fusion Center (PFC) outgassing system 1987-1995 

87

High bay tilt measurements, J. L. / PRS 1987 June 11 

87

Gravidata directory file list 1984 July 19 

87

Backup of RLO2 "Gravidata" disks Livas 1987 March 3 

87

Data from prototype, April 14 undated 

87

Data files up to 1985 March 6 1985 March 6 

87

Spectra from other groups 1984 

87

Spectra, June 8, June 13 undated 

87

Data from prototype, May 20, 21 undated 

87

Data from prototype, May 11 undated 

87

Data from prototype 1986 April 4 

87

Data from prototype 1986 March 15 

87

Data from prototype 1986 March 30 

87

Data from prototype 1985 June 1 

87

Data from prototype 1985 June 3 to June 5, June 7 

87

Data from prototype 1985 June 8 to June 12 

87

First data after wires 1985 May 28 

87

Data from prototype 1984 December 3 

87

Data from prototype 1984 November 25 

87

Data from prototype 1984 November 13 

87

Data from prototype 1984 November 10 

87

Last "before stacks" spectrum 1984 October 16 

87

Data from prototype 1984 October 17, October 22, November 30  

88

Data from prototype 1984 September 27 

88

Data from prototype 1984 July 27 

88

Data from prototype 1984 July 13, July 17 to 18 

88

Data from prototype 1984 June 25 

88

Data from prototype 1984 June 19 to June 20 

88

Data from prototype 1984 June 14 

88

Data from prototype 1984 June 4, June 9 

88

Data from prototype 1984 June 16 to June 17, June 23, June 26, June 28, July 4 to July 9, July 12 

88

Micro wiggles--input conditions; subtraction 1984 May 23 

88

Data from prototype 1984 May 17, May 20 

88

Data from prototype 1984 May 1, May 3 

88

Etalon in/out 1984 April 26 to April 27 

88

Single tone calibration, loops, micro wiggles, low frequency 1984 April 23, April 25, April 30 

88

Data from prototype 1984 April 22 

88

Data from prototype 1984 April 13 

88

Data from prototype 1984 April 12 

88

Data from prototype 1984 April 5 

88

Data from prototype 1984 April 3 

88

Data from prototype 1984 March 21 

88

Data from prototype 1984 March 15, April 17 

89

Data from prototype 1984 March 2 

89

Feb16A.dat undated 

89

Data from prototype 1984 February 7 

89

Data from prototype 1984 January 31 to February 1 

89

Data from prototype 1984 January 23 

89

Phono cartridge low frequency 1984 January 17 

89

Data 1983 December 

89

Data 1983 November 28, November 30 

89

Data 1983 October 4, October 10 

89

Data 1983 August 25 to August 26, September 22 

89

Jul14 data files 1983 

89

Jul2 data 1983 July 

89

Gravidata 1983 June 

89

Noise limit programs 1984 June 

89

Findmu.for 1984 February 

89

GRMS on the VAX 1984 

89

Knobs 1984 

89

VAX timeseries routines 1984 

90

VAX data analysis routines 1984 

90

Old programs for data analysis 1984-1985 

90

Fake data 1984 

90

E2CHAN: HP-like program for DT A/D 1984 

90

Reconstructed GRMS and SNIFFR 1984 

90

DCDATA--timeseries collection with DT A/Ds à la GCFILD undated 

90

HPBOX and variants 1983-1984 

90

G2CHAN--HPBOX mimic 1984 

90

Gravity programs (old) 1983 

90

Miscellaneous scribbles 1983-1986 

90

Tube modes 1983-1985 

90

Amp modulator 1974-1978 

90

High voltage amp and high voltage noise 1981-1986 

90

Return to Table of Contents »


 Series 4 Laboratory Notebooks 

Scope and Contents of the Series

SERIES 4, Laboratory Notebooks, includes research computation books created by graduate students and researchers in the Rainer Weiss laboratory. Research dates from the early 1970s to 1999.

Box

Fixed mass interferometer modelling undated 

90

Michael Jerome Valovis Gordon, "Detection of Rapid Fluctuations in the Earth's Magnetic Field," SB thesis, MIT 1973 

90

Research notebook Melvin Brown 1974 June 5 to July 22 

90

Laser experiments Kingston Owens 1970 October 20 to 1971 March 

91

Gravity antenna 1 Kingston Owens 1972 October to 1973 April 

91

Gravity antenna 2 Kingston Owens 1973 April to 1974 April 

91

Gravity antenna 3 Kingston Owens 1974 April to September 

91

George Drierre computation book circa 1973 September to 1976 March 

91

Gravity antenna 1 Peter Kramer computation book 1977 February 8 to July 5 

91

Gravity antenna 3 Peter Kramer computation book 1978 May to December 

91

Superconducting interferometer transport project Dave McComas 1978 

92

Douglas Barnard undergraduate research 1978 January 

92

Gravity David Shoemaker 1980 June 10 to 1981 August 21 

92

End mass #1 David Shoemaker 1981 August to 1982 September 

92

Gravity David Shoemaker 1982 September 8 

92

Production record: gravity antenna electronics, H. V. amp., bridge amp., bridge driver 1981-1982 

92

John LoManto computation book 1981 February to June 23 

92

Computation book 1 Jeff Livas 1980 October 9 to 1982 January 20 

92

Amplitude stabilizer Jeff Livas computation book 1981 August 24 to 1982 October  

93

Optics Jeff Livas computation book 1982 October 28 to 1983 May 28 

93

Optics computation book 4 Jeff Livas 1983 June 10 to 1984 January 5 

93

Gravity antenna Jeff Livas computation book 1984 July 2 to 1987 January 16 

93

Gravity antenna design Jeff Livas computation book 1987 May 14 to 1988 

94

Gravity antenna, Caltech apparatus and lab work computation book #7 Jeff Livas 1987 September 30 to 1988 September 21 

94

5 meter prototype lab work computation book #8 Jeff Livas 1988 October 3 to December 10 

94

Daniel Dewey computation book 1 1981 June to 1982 April 

94

Daniel Dewey computation book 2 (end) mass damping 1982 October to 1983 October 

94

Daniel Dewey, "A Search for Astronomical Gravitational Radiation with an Interferometric Broad Band Antenna," PhD dissertation, MIT 1986 

95

Gravity I 1983 July 2 to December 4 

95

Gravity II 1983 December 5 to 1984 May 17 

95

Gravity III 1984 May 17 to November 10 

95

Gravity IV 1984 November 10 to 1985 May 16 

95

Gravity V 1985 May 18 to 1986 June 22 

96

Gravity VI 1986 July 3 to 1988 May 31 

96

Central mass damping electronics 1983 January 10 to 1985 May 30 

96

End mass #1 damping electronics 1983 February to 1985 May 1 

96

End mass #2 damping electronics 1983 January 18 to 1984 August 1 

96

Golebiowski computation book 1985 December 16 to 1986 May 

96

Magnetic suspension I Joe Giaime 1986 September to 1987 November 

96

Magnetic suspension II Joe Giaime 1988 January to August 

97

Stationary interferometer Joe Giaime 1988 November to 1990 June 26 

97

Vibration isolation stock prototype I Joe Giaime and Mike Burke computation book 1991 February-December 

97

Joe Giaime computation book 1990 December to 1992 March 

97

Slab laser Peter Fritschel computation book 1986 

97

Optics and Nd YAG Peter Fritschel computation book 1987 

98

Nd YAG ring laser Peter Fritschel computation book 1988 

98

Peter Fritschel, "Techniques for Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Detectors," PhD dissertation, MIT 1992 

98

Nd YAG slab laser Andrew Jeffries computation book 1986-1989 

98

Magnetic suspension Daniel Connelly computation book 1987 January 

98

D. Connelly UROP summer 1987 computation book 1987 May to 1988 May 

98

Initial 5 meter log book 1987 July 23 to 1988 June 10 

98

Second 5 meter log book 1988 June 21 to November 16 

99

Stationary interferometer computation book 1989 

99

Suspensions I computation book 1984 August 6 to 1985 January 23 

99

Suspensions II computation book 1985 March 13 to March 19 

99

Suspension notebooks I and II Peter Saulson (3 folders) 1985-1988 

99-100

Scattering Michelle Stephens computation book 1986 August 4 to 1987 May 15 

100

Scatter data from scattering Michelle Stephens computation book 1986-1987 

100

Double suspension folders Michelle Stephens (3 folders) 1986-1990 

100

Suspension I Michelle Stephens computation book 1987 March 10 to 1988 March 21 

101

Suspension II Michelle Stephens computation book (2 folders) 1988 April 1 to 1989 March 3 

101

Suspension III Michelle Stephens computation book 1989 March 3 to September 18 

101

Suspension IV Michelle Stephens computation book (3 folders) 1989 September 18 to 1990 January 30 

102

Data analysis I Michelle Stephens computation book (2 folders) 1989-1991 

102

YAG accelerometer Michelle Stephens computation book loose papers 1990 

102

YAG accelerometer Michelle Stephens computation book 1990 February 27 to 1991 October 3 

102

Suspension for gravity antenna Joe Kovalik computation book 1986 September 26 to 1998 May 11 

103

QI Joe Kovalik computation book 1989 May to 1991 May 

103

QII Joe Kovalik computation book 1990 

103

Compilation of Q data Joe Kovalik computation book 1990 

103

Thermal noise Joe Kovalik computation book 1990 June 27 to 1991 January 30 

104

Thermal noise II Joe Kovalik computation book 1990 January 30 to 1992 May 25 

104

Thermal noise III Joe Kovalik computation book 1992 May 20 to December 4 

104

Thermal noise IV Joe Kovalik computation book 1992 December to 1993 May 

104

Thermal noise V Joe Kovalik computation book 1993 May 20 to September 30 

104

Thermal noise VI Joe Kovalik computation book 1993 October 4 to 1994 December 20 

105

Text and thesis by Joe Kovalik on computer tape circa 1980s to 1990s 

105

Suspension tank notebook 1988 May 

105

LIGO scattering experiments Yaser Abdel Rehem computation book 1989 October 26 to 1991 January 21 

105

Scattering experiment book 2 Yaser Abdel Rehem 1991 April 17 to May 9 

105

Nelson Christensen, Jr. "On Measuring the Stochastic Gravitational Radiation Background with Laser Interferometer Antennas" PhD dissertation, MIT 1990 

106

40m stack Nergis Mavalvala 1990 June to 1991 April 

106

Interferometry I Nergis Mavalvala 1991 October to 1992 July 

106

Nergis Mavalvala computation book 3 1992 October to 1993 July 

106

Nergis Mavalvala computation book 4 1994 

106

Fixed-mass interferometer measurements I Daniel Sigg / Nergis Mavalvala 1995 November 17 to 1996 November 1 

107

Nergis Mavalvala, "Alignment Issues in Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Detectors," PhD dissertation, MIT 1997 

107

Fixed mass interferometer DHS, JG computation book 1992 January to December 

107

Fixed mass interferometer DHS, JG computation book 1993 January to 1994 July 

107

Lab 1 Yaron Hefetz computation book 1991 October 30 to 1992 June 4 

108

Lab 2 Yaron Hefetz computation book 1992 June 4 to October 2 

108

Lab 3 Yaron Hefetz computation book 1992 October 2 to 1993 July 12 

108

Yaron Hefetz computation book 4 1993 July 12 to December 30 

109

Lab 5 Yaron Hefetz computation book 1993 December 30 to 1994 August 4 

109

Heat exchanger log 1994 August 16 to 1995 August 28 

109

Gabriela Ines Gonzalez, "Brownian Motion of a Torsion Pendulum Damped by Internal Friction" 1995 March 14 

109

Aaron D. Gillespie, "Thermal Noise in the Initial LIGO Interferometers," PhD dissertation, California Institute of Technology 1995 

109

Phase front experiment (includes floppy disks) 1995 

110

Phase noise interferometer (PNI) notebook (2 folders) 1995 June 12 to August 17 

110

10−10 radian of phase noise, phase noise interferometer (PNI) notebook (2 folders) 1996 September 16 to 1997 January 

110

Phase noise interferometer (PNI) book 1 (2 folders) 1997 

110

IRPNI book 3 1997 October 11 to 1998 February 16 

110

IRPNI book 4 1998 February 17 to June 11 

111

PD-1 Alex Marin 1996 December 4to 1998 March 21 

111

Alan Rohay, "Ambient Ground Vibration Measurements at the Hanford, Washington LIGO site" 1996 January 3 

111

Alan Rohay, "Analysis of Differential Motions at the Hanford, Washington and Livingston, Louisiana LIGO sites" 1997 July 25 

111

LIGO 1 Peter Csatorday 1995 November 17 to 1998 January 2 

111

LIGO 2 Peter Csatorday 1998 February 3 to 1999 January 28 

111

PSL Peter Csatorday 1998 June to 1999 January 

111

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