Guide to the Papers of Charles R. Cross
MC.0107

Summary Information

Repository
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Institute Archives and Special Collections
Creator -
Cross, Charles R. (Charles Robert), 1848-1921
Creator
Pickering, Edward C. (Edward Charles), 1846-1919
Title
Charles R. Cross papers
ID
MC.0107
Date [inclusive]
1855-1913
Extent
2.0 cubic feet (4 manuscript boxes, 1 flat box)
Language
English

Citation

Charles R. Cross Papers, MC 107, box X. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Institute Archives and Special Collections, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

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Biographical note

Charles Robert Cross, 1848-1921, was born in Troy, New York. He earned an S.B. degree in 1870 from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He was a member of the third graduating class. Upon graduation he became a member of the teaching staff, and then the faculty, in the physics department at MIT, until he resigned in 1917. Cross also served as head of the Department of Physics. In 1882 Professor Cross instituted the first course in electrical engineering in the United States as part of the physics department at MIT. The electrical engineering program was run by Cross out of the physics department until 1902.

In 1875 when MIT graduates established an alumni association, Cross served as the first secretary of the Alumni Association.

The Appalachian Mountain Club (AMC) was organized February 9, 1876, at a meeting in Boston in MIT's Rogers building, by MIT professor Edward C. Pickering, who served as the club's first president. Three years later, in 1879, Professor Cross became president of the club.

http://web.mit.edu/physics/about/history.html

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Scope and Contents of the Collection

The collection includes correspondence by and to Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) physics professor Charles Cross, who taught in the physics department 1870-1917. Included is correspondence on the acquisition of apparatus for the Rogers Laboratory of Physics, scientific research and teaching including correspondence with Elihu Thomson, photographs, and newspaper clippings about scientific instrumentation and early application of and experiments with the x-ray process. There is also information about the proposed alliance with Harvard in 1905.

This collection contains early information about physics curricula at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in particular three volumes of notes Charles Cross took of lectures given by Edward Pickering, the first professor of physics at MIT, notes taken in the years 1867 to 1868. It also includes Cross's copy of Courses of Instruction (MIT)1866-1893. A volume of student notes taken by William R. Cross (class of 1855, Union College) of a physics lecture at Union College given by instructor John Foster (class of 1835, Union College).

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

 Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Institute Archives and Special Collections

MIT Libraries
Building 14N-118
77 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, Massachusetts, 02139-4307
617.253.5690
mithistory@mit.edu

Revision Description

  2009, 2013, 2016

Access note

The collection is open for research.

Intellectual Property Rights

Access to collections in the Institute Archives and Special Collections is not authorization to publish. Separate written application for permission to publish must be made to the Institute Archives. Copyright of some items in this collection may be held by respective creators, not by the donor of the collection.

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Controlled Access Headings

Personal Name(s)

  • Cross, Charles R. (Charles Robert), 1848-1921
  • Pickering, Edward C. (Edward Charles), 1846-1919

Subject(s)

  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology--Faculty.
  • Physics--Research.
  • Physics--Study and teaching.
  • X-rays--Research.

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Bibliography

Cross, Charles R. Notes on Mechanics. Boston: W.B. Libby, the Garden Press, 1911.

Cross, Charles R. Course in Elementary Physics. Boston: Press of A. A. Kingman, 1873.

Works about Charles Cross

Penfield, Paul. "Electrical Engineering is Born. In The Electron and the Bit: Electrical Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1902-2002, edited by John V. Guttag, 7-8. Cambridge: MIT, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Dept., 2005.

"Professor Cross Resigns, The record of a half century devoted to scientific work." Technology Review 19, no. 7 (1917): 405-406.

Tayler, Harry W. "The Work of Professor Cross at the Institute." Technology Review 19, no. 7 (1917): 407-408.

"A Pioneer in Physics." Technology Review 19, no. 7 (1917): 484. Reprinted from the  Boston Evening Transcript.

"The Corporation Thanks Professor Cross, Corporation Resolution on Resignation of Professor Charles R. Cross." Technology Review 19, no. 8 (1917): 651-652.

"Charles Robert Cross, a memorial presented to the Faculty and spread upon its records at the December meeting, 1921. Technology Review 24, no. 1 (1922): 22-24.

Goodwin, H. M. "Professor Cross as Teacher and Man: a supplement to the Faculty Memorial." Technology Review24, no. 1 (1922): 25-28.

"Reminiscences of Professor Cross" Technology Review 24, no. 1 (1922): 29-30.

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Collection Inventory

Box

Lectures on Physics (Natural Philosophy) by physics professor John Foster of Union College, notes by William Ralph Cross, class of 1855 

1

Physics lectures delivered at the Mass. Institute of Technology by Professor Pickering Vol. I., 1867, notes taken by C.R. Cross, 2d year, 1st term, Molecular Mechanics; Solids, Mechanics of Liquids and Gases 1867 

1

Lecture notes of Professor E.C. Pickering, MIT, Physics, 1st year, 2d term 1866, Mechanics of Solids, copies in 1867 by C.R. Cross 

1

Physics lectures delivered at the Mass. Institute of Technology, by Professor Pickering, Vol. II., 1868, notes taken by C.R. Cross 1868 

1

Physics lectures delivered at the Mass. Institute of Technology, by Professor Pickering Vol. 3, 1868, notes taken by C.R. Cross. October to February 

1

Historical notes relating to musical pitch in the United States, by Charles R. Cross. Proceedings of the AAAS, April 1900. 1900 

1

AAAS Committee of One Hundred, Funds for Research in Astronomy, Charles R. Cross, chairman of the Subcommitte on Research Funds. Science, July 1918. 1918 

1

Volume of MIT publications 1866-1893 

2

Volume of MIT publications 1859-1893 

2

MIT correspondence 1896-1897 

2

Francis Walker Memorial Exercise program 1897 October 

2

Correspondence about telephones at MIT 1897 

2

MIT correspondence 1901-1903 

2

MIT correspondence 1903-1904 

2

MIT correspondence 1903-1910 

2

MIT correspondence 1904-1905 

2

MIT correspondence 1910 

3

MIT correspondence 1910-1911 

3

MIT telephone correspondence 1910 

3

MIT correspondence 1910 

3

Early history of the Alumni Association of the MIT 1920 November 

3

Letter to editor about Carnegie Institution undated 

3

Dr. Wolcott Gibbs tribute 1908 

3

Correspondence 1871-1897 

3

Research correspondence 1883-1898 

3

Research correspondence 1895-1898 

3

Correspondence 1896 

3

Research correspondence 1896-1897 

3

Tuning forks 1891-1893 

3

Harmonic organs and pianos 1896-1910 

3

Correspondence 1909-1910 

3

Correspondence 1910-1911 

3

Non Electrics notebook of correspondence and clippings 1895-1913 

4

Non Electrics notebook of correspondence and clippings 1895-1913 

4

Non Electrics" notebook of correspondence and clippings 1895-1913 

4

Non Electrics notebook of correspondence and clippings 1895-1913 

4

Non Electrics notebook of correspondence and clippings 1895-1913 

4

Correspondence about x-rays 1896 

4

Image of x-ray undated 

4

Image of x-ray undated 

4

Image of x-ray undated 

4

Scrapbook of newsclippings about x-ray experiments 1896-1897 

5