Guide to the Papers of Francis Bitter, 1925-1967
MC.0077

Summary Information

Repository
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Institute Archives and Special Collections
Creator
Bitter, Francis, 1902-1967
Title
Francis Bitter papers
ID
MC.0077
Date [inclusive]
1925-1967
Extent
17.3 cubic feet in 17 record cartons and 1 manuscript box
Location
Materials are stored off-site. Advance notice is required for use.
Language
English
Abstract
These papers document the career of Francis Bitter, who helped establish the National Magnet Laboratory at MIT. The bulk of the collection postdates 1934, when Bitter came to MIT. The papers consist primarily of correspondence with colleagues, professional societies, and concerns that hired him as a consultant.

Citation

Francis Bitter papers, MC 77, box X. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Institute Archives and Special Collections, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

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Biography

Francis Bitter was born in Weehawken, NJ, on July 22, 1902, to Karl Bitter, the sculptor, and Marie Schevill Bitter. He grew up in Weehawken and New York City.

Starting in 1919, Bitter attended the University of Chicago but, after working on a cattle boat in order to visit Europe in 1922, he transferred to Columbia University. He received his Bachelor of Science degree in 1925 and spent the next year studying in Berlin. He began a lifelong study of magnets when he returned to Columbia for graduate work. Under A. P. Wills's supervision, Bitter wrote his dissertation on the diamagnetic susceptibility of hydrocarbons.

Bitter received his doctoral degree in 1928 and continued his studies under Robert Millikan at the California Institute of Technology with the support of a National Research Fellowship. The same year Bitter married Mrs. Alice Coomara (nee Richardson). Under the stage name of Ratan Devi, his wife was a popular singer.

In 1930 Bitter left academia to accept work in Pittsburgh with the Research Department of Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company. His magnet studies expanded to include ferromagnetism. A symposium on this subject was held in 1931 by the American Physical Society due in part to Bitter's impetus. The same year he discovered the powder pattern method for visualizing magnetic domain structure.

With the help of another fellowship, a Guggenheim, Bitter went to the Cavendish Laboratories at Cambridge University in 1933. There he studied with Peter Kapitza, who was working with powerful pulsed magnetic fields. He returned to Westinghouse in 1934, but only for a few months. In the fall of 1934 Bitter began his long career with MIT while continuing as a consultant for Westinghouse.

At MIT Bitter became an associate professor in the Department of Mining and Metallurgy. He designed a high field magnet through the use of water-cooled copper coil electromagnets. His work was partially funded by grants from the Penrose Fund of the American Philosophical Society and the Joseph Henry Fund of the National Academy of Sciences. By 1938 MIT had a magnet laboratory established largely through Bitter's efforts. His early experiments succeeded in creating a solenoid magnet that produced a constant field of 100,000 gauss. Bitter also collaborated with George Harrison on the use of new magnets for investigations of optical phenomena, the Zeeman effect in particular. Another project involved the study of the connection between magnetism and geology; this work helped to reconstruct the history of the earth's magnetic field.

During World War II Bitter spent five years with the Naval Bureau of Ordnance. He worked in England on methods to demagnetize German mines in the English Channel. Other work included development of detection and target-seeking instruments. Bitter attained the rank of Commander in the Navy and became a reserve officer in 1947.

When he returned to MIT in 1945, Bitter joined the Department of Physics. With one of his students, Jean Brossel, he experimented with double resonance. His magnet laboratory was converted during the war, so Bitter reconstructed the lab after the war to facilitate his experiments.

Bitter maintained an active interest in MIT and in education in general. He became a full professor in 1951 and from 1956 to 1960 he served as associate dean of science. His interest in curriculum studies led to his association with the Physical Science Study Committee of Educational Services, Inc. (ESI). He and his second wife, Katherine Welchman, served as masters of MIT's Graduate House from 1962 to 1965.

In 1960 Bitter became professor of geophysics in the Department of Geology and Geophysics and assumed primary responsibility for the design and completion of the National Magnet Laboratory, which was funded by the US Air Force. The facility's program was to focus on earth and space science, hence Bitter's departmental change. In an October 22, 1963, letter to Bruce Kingsbury of ESI, Bitter explains his association with the National Magnet Laboratory:

I built the original water-cooled magnets and set up a magnet laboratory for their operation in the basement of building 4 during the latter part of the 1930's. After the war Dr. Benjamin Lax of the Lincoln Laboratory became interested in high field work and assembled a group to design and apply for funds to construct a new and larger laboratory. I, subsequently, joined this effort and agreed with Dr. Lax that he would be the director of the laboratory when funds became available and that I would act for the group in taking responsibility for technical aspects of design and construction of the power plant and magnets. These plans were actually carried out when the National Magnet Laboratory came into existence. The final acceptance tests are about to be completed. At this time I propose to officially relinquish all administrative responsibility in the Laboratory and become entirely a consultant to help the Director in any problems in which he thinks my experience would be valuable. In addition, I have been and propose to continue to be a user of the facilities of the Laboratory to further my own work in atomic physics and geophysics. (Box 6, Physical Science Study Committee)

During Bitter's tenure, the National Magnet Laboratory produced a water-cooled magnet that gave a constant magnet field of 250,000 gauss.

An active consultant, Bitter worked with Arthur D. Little and Sylvania, where he contributed to fluorescent light improvement. His work with Clarence Max Fowler of the Los Alamos laboratories concerned the precise control of high explosives which led to transient magnetic fields of a great intensity, in other words, to megagauss magnets. In 1966 Bitter spent a semester at Chicago's Illinois Institute of Technology serving as advisor in their high field laboratory.

Francis Bitter died on July 26, 1967. In his honor, the National Magnet Laboratory was renamed the Francis Bitter National Magnet Laboratory on November 21, 1967.

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Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Francis Bitter papers span the years from 1925 to 1967. Although not exhaustive, the Bitter papers provide a broad overview of the physicist's career. The bulk of the collection postdates 1934 when Bitter came to MIT. The largest series, his alphabetical subject files (Series 2), consists primarily of correspondence with colleagues, professional societies, and concerns that hired him as a consultant. The collection includes correspondence; reports; minutes; notes; research and patent data; blueprints, sketches, and drawings; course notes; and reprints and other printed material. These papers are from Bitter's office files, and most of his file labels remain intact.

The collection also includes material that does not relate to MIT. His research files (Series 4) contain six student notebooks from his days at Columbia and the University of Berlin. One notebook (in the same volume as a 1952-1962 diary) contains notes on electromagnetic experiments that Bitter conducted in Berlin, prior to his graduate thesis work.

Bitter's time at Westinghouse is documented in the collection. Some of his work was patented and the applications, descriptions, and other technical data are in Series 2A. During his Guggenheim fellowship at the Cavendish Laboratories in Cambridge, England, Bitter wrote to T. D. Yensen and L. W. Chubb of Westinghouse about his investigations. Some of these technical letters concern ferromagnetism and show the evolution of Bitter's book on the subject.

Throughout his career Bitter often served as a consultant and his files document these outside activities. Bitter continued advising Westinghouse and there are minutes from their Magnet Division meetings in Series 2A. The technical letters from this consulting job concern tests Bitter made for Westinghouse at MIT on magnetic alloys, Hipersil development, and grain orientation. There is material from other consulting jobs, including Arthur D. Little and Sylvania (Series 2B). One of Bitter's notebooks (Series 5) is a diary of hours spent on various projects. After he became a reserve officer, Bitter worked with the Navy's Electricity and Magnetism Division and he served on their Ferromagnetic Committee. One of Bitter's most important consulting jobs began in 1963, when he started working at the Los Alamos Laboratories on an Atomic Energy Commission Project. His correspondence with Clarence Max Fowler and other scientists on the project is extensive. His files also include working notes and drawings about their work on megagauss field magnets.

While at Westinghouse, Karl Taylor Compton and Vannevar Bush frequently contacted Bitter in order to arrange his appointment at MIT. This correspondence (Series 2A) includes a discussion of Bitter's plans for magnet research at MIT. Bitter's early correspondence with colleagues includes Nicolas Rashevsky, E. U. Condon, Karl Darrow, Felix Bloch, F. A. Fowler, John D. Cockcroft, and Fritz Zwicky.

When he arrived at MIT, Bitter implemented many of his research plans and formed new ones. He was instrumental in establishing MIT's first magnet laboratory in 1938. The successful and unsuccessful grant requests in the collection (Series 2A) show some of Bitter's ideas about water-cooled magnets. The files contain reports to Compton and Bush on the importance of developing high magnetic fields to study metals. The correspondence also documents the establishment at MIT of a 2300 Volt Electrical Power Station for the first magnet laboratory and the Wright Brothers Wind Tunnel. The engineering firm of Jackson and Moreland helped to design Bitter's water-cooled magnets, and their correspondence includes equipment information, blueprints, and sketches. Bitter's research files (Series 4) contain notes and notebooks dealing with both the laboratory and the development of the lab's early magnets.

After World War II Bitter returned to MIT to continue his work with magnets. He reestablished a magnet laboratory and began work on nuclear magnet resonance. His correspondence, which includes graphs, blueprints, and reports, about the magnet's design is from Arthur D. Little and Allis and Chalmers Manufacturing Company (Series 2B). By 1947 MIT contracted with the firm of Jackson and Moreland to construct a new magnet laboratory. Some of Bitter's notebooks (Series 4) deal specifically with his magnetic resonance investigations.

Eventually, Bitter's work with electromagnets resulted in an association with the Research Laboratory of Electronics (RLE). The collection contains notebooks (Series 3) and Bitter's progress reports (Series 2) about RLE. In 1958 Bitter proposed that MIT build a High Field Magnet Laboratory. His proposal, budgets, blueprints, and progress records are in Series 2B. Again, Jackson and Moreland served as the engineers.

In 1960 the Air Force provided funds for a National Magnet Laboratory (NML) at MIT. Bitter's close association with the development and progress of the NML is shown through his extensive correspondence about the lab. The records include construction plans; dedication material; and memos, reports, and correspondence after the facility was in operation. The correspondence is from non-MIT colleagues as well as from the NML staff, including the director, Benjamin Lax.

Some of Bitter's manuscripts of articles and books are in Series 6, along with most of his reprints. Series 2B contains correspondence about his talks and the publishing of his books. This section also includes some speech manuscripts. Throughout his career Bitter saved his colleagues' reprints about magnets for reference; this file is in Series 6. Often there is correspondence with the same colleagues (2B); examples are M. Alfred Kastler, P. C. Brot, Dirk de Klerk, and Jean Brossel.

Bitter's interest in MIT students and in pedagogy in general is extensively documented in this collection. Series 3 contains course notes emanating from Bitter's research work. The numerous files from former students (2B) show that Bitter maintained contact with them, especially the graduate students. Unfortunately, there is little material from Bitter's position as assistant dean of science, other than his correspondence about doctoral candidates. From the years Bitter spent as master of MIT's Graduate House, there is correspondence directed to both the administration and the students.

Bitter's concern with education was never limited to MIT He belonged to the Visiting Scientist program for the American Institute of Physics and for the American Association of Physics Teachers; the Advisory Board of Education for the National Research Council; the Committee on the Role of Science in American Liberal Education; and the Massachusetts Advisory Committee on Science and Mathematics. Ginn and Company used him as a consulting editor for their physics books. There are correspondence, minutes, and reports concerning all of these activities in Series 2B.

Two of Bitter's books are for high school students. Magnets and  Mathematical Aspects of Physics were published by Educational Services Incorporated (ESI) for their Physical Science Study Committee (PSSC) program. There are also reports, agendas, and correspondence from Bitter's attendance at ESI's College Physics Contents Conference.

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Arrangement of Collection

The collection is arranged into the following series: Series 1. Biographical Materials; Series 2. Alphabetical Subject Files; Series 3. MIT Course Notes and Student Work; Series 4. Research Files; Series 5. Professional Writings and Reprints; and Series 6. Magnet Reprint Files.

Series 2 is divided into two alphabetical subseries by date span.

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Administrative Information

Access note

The collection is open for research. Access to MIT records is governed by Institute record policy.

Intellectual Property Rights

Access to collections in the Institute Archives and Special Collections is not authorization to publish. Separate written application for permission to publish must be made to the Institute Archives. Copyright of some items in this collection may be held by respective creators, not by the donor or creator of the collection.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • American Academy of Arts and Sciences
  • American Association of Physics Teachers
  • American Institute of Physics
  • American Philosophical Society
  • Arthur D. Little, Inc.
  • Bell Telephone Laboratories, inc.
  • Jackson & Moreland
  • Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Geology and Geophysics
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Physics
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Research Laboratory of Electronics
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Wright Brothers Wind Tunnel
  • National Research Council (U.S.)
  • Royal Society Mond Laboratory
  • United States. Navy. Magnetism Division
  • Westinghouse Electronic Corporation. Magnet Systems Division.

Genre(s)

  • Diaries.
  • Patents.

Personal Name(s)

  • Alpert, Nelson Leigh
  • Becker, Robert Adolph
  • Bergman, Werner, 1945-
  • Bitter, Francis, 1902-1967
  • Bloch, Felix, 1905-
  • Bradbury, Norris Edwin
  • Brossel, Jean
  • Brot, P. C.
  • Bush, Vannevar, 1890-1974
  • Chapman, Jamie Crittenden
  • Chubb, Lewis Warrington, 1882-1952
  • Cockcroft, John, Sir, 1897-1967
  • Compton, K. T. (Karl Taylor), 1887-1954
  • Condon, Edward Uhler , 1902-1974
  • Darrow, Karl K. (Karl Kelchner), 1891-
  • de Klerk, Dirk
  • Erber, Thomas
  • Fiocci, Giorgio
  • Fohl, Timothy
  • Fowler, C. M.
  • Fowler, R. H. (Ralph Howard), 1889-1944
  • Halverson, Ward Dean
  • Hide, R. (Raymond), 1929-
  • Inglis, David Rittenhouse, 1905-
  • Kastler, Alfred
  • Kolm, Henry Herbert
  • Kurti, Nicholas
  • Lax, Benjamin
  • McKeehan, Louis Williams
  • Moreland, Edward Leyburn
  • Rashevsky, Nicolas, 1899-
  • Richtmyer, F. K. (Floyd Karker), 1881-1939
  • Saslaw, Samuel S.
  • Seitz, Frederick, 1911-2008
  • Smoluchowski, Roman
  • Stevenson, Donald Thomas
  • Strandberg, Malcolm Woodrow Pershing, 1919-
  • Stroke, H. Henry
  • Waymouth, Francis
  • Weiner, Robert
  • Yensen, Trygve D. (Trygve Dewey), 1884-1950
  • Zwicky, F. (Fritz), 1898-

Subject(s)

  • Electromagnets--Research.
  • Ferromagnetism--Research.
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology--Faculty.

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Bibliography

Bitter, Francis. Magnets: The Education of a Physicist. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1959.

Francis Bitter, Selected Papers and Commentaries, edited by T. Erber and C. M. Fowler. Cambridge, Mass.: M.I.T. Press, 1969.

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Collection Inventory

 Series 1. Biographical Materials 

Box

Biography 

1

Personal 

1

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 Series 2. Alphabetical Subject Files 

 Subseries 2A.  Subject files 1931-1940 

Scope and Contents note

Incoming and outgoing correspondence, reports, blueprints, grant applications, memos, and patent records. Files, kept in original order whenever possible, concern Bitter's professional activities.

Box

A-Ak between 1931 and 1940 

1

American Philosophical Society between 1931 and 1940 

1

An-El between 1931 and 1940 

1

Engineering Societies grant application between 1931 and 1940 

1

F-I between 1931 and 1940 

1

Jackson and Moreland between 1931 and 1940 

1

K-Mar between 1931 and 1940 

1

Massachusetts Institute of Technology between 1931 and 1940 

1

MIT. Magnet laboratory between 1931 and 1940 

1

Me-O between 1931 and 1940 

1

Patents between 1931 and 1940 

1

Pe-Se between 1931 and 1940 

1

Simon, Franz between 1931 and 1940 

1

Westinghouse between 1931 and 1940 

1
Box

Sisco-Todd between 1931 and 1940 

1

Wi-Z between 1931 and 1940 

1

 Subseries 2B.  Subject files 1940-1967 

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, reports, graphs, plans, blueprints, memos, student information, manuscripts, and printed material.

Box

A between 1940 and 1967 

1

Air Force Bedford Committee on Science Teaching between 1940 and 1967 

1

Allis-Chalmers Magnet Design between 1940 and 1967 

1

American Academy of Arts and Sciences (AAAS) between 1940 and 1967 

1

AAAS, committee on role of science in american liberal education between 1940 and 1967 

1

American Association of Physics Teachers between 1940 and 1967 

1

American Geophysical Union between 1940 and 1967 

1

American Institute of Physics between 1940 and 1967 

1

American Physical Society Conference, 1965 between 1940 and 1967 

1

B between 1940 and 1967 

2

Bitter, Francis responses between 1940 and 1967 

2

Brossel, Jean between 1940 and 1967 

2

C between 1940 and 1967 

2

Carnegie Institution, 1940 between 1940 and 1967 

2

Carpco Research and Engineering, Inc. between 1940 and 1967 

2

Chapman, Jamie C. between 1940 and 1967 

2

College Physics Conference (Cambridge Group) between 1940 and 1967 

2

Collier's Encyclopedia between 1940 and 1967 

2

Conference on Magnetism, 1964 between 1940 and 1967 

2

Conference on Megagauss Magnetic Field Generation by Explosives and Related Experiments, 1965 between 1940 and 1967 

2

D between 1940 and 1967 

2

Dickson, William between 1940 and 1967 

2

E between 1940 and 1967 

2

Educational Services, Inc. (Science Study Series) between 1940 and 1967 

2

F between 1940 and 1967 

2

Fiocco, Georgio between 1940 and 1967 

2

Fohl, Timothy between 1940 and 1967 

2

Future Work between 1940 and 1967 

2

G between 1940 and 1967 

2

Gaseous Electronics Conference between 1940 and 1967 

2

Ginn and Company between 1940 and 1967 

2

Glass, Ian S. between 1940 and 1967 

2

Graduated students between 1940 and 1967 

General note

This folder is restricted for 75 years

2

Graduated students between 1940 and 1967 

General note

This folder is restricted for 75 years

3

H between 1940 and 1967 

3

Halverson, Ward between 1940 and 1967 

3

Harvey-Wells Corp. between 1940 and 1967 

3

High Field Magnet Facility between 1940 and 1967 

3

High Field Notes 1961 

3

High Magnetic Fields Conference 1961 

3

I between 1940 and 1967 

3

Illinois Institute of Technology, Thomas Erben between 1940 and 1967 

3

International Conference on Magnetic Fields between 1940 and 1967 

3

International Symposium on Magnet Technology 1965 

3

J between 1940 and 1967 

3

Jackson and Moreland between 1940 and 1967 

3

Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics between 1940 and 1967 

3

K between 1940 and 1967 

3

Kostler, M. Alfred between 1940 and 1967 

3

Kolm, H. between 1940 and 1967 

3

Koons, Harry between 1940 and 1967 

3

L between 1940 and 1967 

3

A.D. Little between 1940 and 1967 

3

Little, Roger between 1940 and 1967 

3

Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory between 1940 and 1967 

3

Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory between 1940 and 1967 

4

M between 1940 and 1967 

4

McGill University between 1940 and 1967 

4

Magnet Society between 1940 and 1967 

4

Magnion between 1940 and 1967 

4

Massachusetts Advisory Committee on Science and Mathematics between 1940 and 1967 

4

MIT Alumni Clubs between 1940 and 1967 

4

MIT Centennial Celebration Committee between 1940 and 1967 

4

MIT Committee on Planetary and Space Studies between 1940 and 1967 

4

MIT Committee on Science and Engineering Connected with Outer Space between 1940 and 1967 

4

MIT Computation Center between 1940 and 1967 

4

MIT Departments between 1940 and 1967 

4

MIT Department of Earth Sciences between 1940 and 1967 

4

MIT Department of Geology and Geophysics between 1940 and 1967 

4

MIT Department of Meteorology between 1940 and 1967 

4

MIT Department of Physics between 1940 and 1967 

4

MIT Faculty memorandums between 1940 and 1967 

4

MIT Faculty Nominating Committee between 1940 and 1967 

4

MIT Freshman Seminar 1961-1962 

4

MIT Graduate House between 1940 and 1967 

4

MIT Graduate students 1962 

General note

This folder is restricted for 75 years

4

MIT Industrial Liaison Office between 1940 and 1967 

4

MIT Long Range Planning Committee between 1940 and 1967 

5

MIT Magnet Laboratory between 1940 and 1967 

5

MIT Medical Department Radiation Protection Problems Advice between 1940 and 1967 

5

MIT National Magnet Laboratory, correspondence between 1940 and 1967 

5

MIT National Magnet Laboratory, Advisory Group between 1940 and 1967 

5

MIT National Magnet Laboratory, budget between 1940 and 1967 

5

MIT National Magnet Laboratory, conference 1962 

5

MIT National Magnet Laboratory, construction progress review meetings between 1940 and 1967 

5

MIT National Magnet Laboratory, dedication notes between 1940 and 1967 

5

MIT National Magnet Laboratory, de Kluk magnet photographs between 1940 and 1967 

5

MIT National Magnet Laboratory, Five Year Plan between 1940 and 1967 

5

MIT National Magnet Laboratory, new M.I.T. Magnet Lab notes between 1940 and 1967 

5

MIT National Magnet Laboratory, photographs between 1940 and 1967 

5

MIT National Magnet Laboratory, quarterly technical status reports between 1940 and 1967 

5

MIT National Magnet Laboratory, staff meetings between 1940 and 1967 

5

MIT News Releases between 1940 and 1967 

5

MIT Occupational Medical Service between 1940 and 1967 

5

MIT Operations Analysis Project between 1940 and 1967 

5

MIT President's Office between 1940 and 1967 

5

MIT Radiation reports between 1940 and 1967 

5

MIT Research Laboratory of Electronics between 1940 and 1967 

5

MIT Second Century Fund alumni dinner between 1940 and 1967 

5

MIT Spectroscopy Laboratory between 1940 and 1967 

5

Medicus, Heinrich between 1940 and 1967 

5

Megagauss Magnets between 1940 and 1967 

5

Melissinos, Adrian between 1940 and 1967 

5

N between 1940 and 1967 

5

National Academy of Sciences (NAS) between 1940 and 1967 

5

NAS National Research Council, Advisory Board on Education, correspondence between 1940 and 1967 

5

NAS National Research Council, Advisory Board on Education, agendas and minutes between 1940 and 1967 

6

NAS National Research Council, Advisory Board on Education, reports between 1940 and 1967 

6

NAS National Research Council, Division of Physical Sciences between 1940 and 1967 

6

National Science Foundation between 1940 and 1967 

6

New York University between 1940 and 1967 

6

Notices between 1940 and 1967 

6

O between 1940 and 1967 

6

Operations Research Society of America between 1940 and 1967 

6

Oxford Conference, Professor Kurti between 1940 and 1967 

6

P between 1940 and 1967 

6

Parkinson, David H. between 1940 and 1967 

6

Perkin-Elmer Corp., Nuclear Magnetics between 1940 and 1967 

6

Physical Science Study Committee between 1940 and 1967 

6

Positions Available between 1940 and 1967 

6

Praddaude, Hernan between 1940 and 1967 

6

President's Committee on Scientists and Engineers between 1940 and 1967 

6

Publications, general between 1940 and 1967 

6

Publication, Currents, Fields, and Particles between 1940 and 1967 

6

R between 1940 and 1967 

6

Recommendation letters for other employers 

6

Redi, Olav between 1940 and 1967 

7

The Review of Scientific Instruments between 1940 and 1967 

7

S between 1940 and 1967 

7

Schuler, Chester J. between 1940 and 1967 

7

Scientific American between 1940 and 1967 

7

Smith, Winthrop between 1940 and 1967 

7

Smoluchowski, Roman between 1940 and 1967 

7

Society of Sigma Xi (MIT Chapter) between 1940 and 1967 

7

Strandberg, M.W.P. between 1940 and 1967 

7

Stroke, Henry between 1940 and 1967 

7

Sylvania Electric Corp. between 1940 and 1967 

7

T between 1940 and 1967 

7

Talks: AIEE (Northeastern District) 1962 May 9 

7

Talks: American Physical Society 1962 April 23 

7

Talks: Cincinnati University 1962 April 3 

7

Talks: Cornell University 1962 May 3 

7

Talks: Deerfield Academy 1962 January 30 

7

Talks: Evolution of Magnet Research 1960 September 1960 

7

Talks: Heidelberg Conference 1962 April 26 to April 28 

7

Talks: Washington, Magnets 1961 May 12 to May 13 

7

Telephone toll call bills between 1940 and 1967 

7

Trips 1957-1960 

7

U between 1940 and 1967 

7

United States Navy, Naval Ordnance Program between 1940 and 1967 

7

United States Navy, Naval Reserve between 1940 and 1967 

7

University of Alaska between 1940 and 1967 

7

University of California between 1940 and 1967 

8

University of Rochester between 1940 and 1967 

8

University of Sheffield, England between 1940 and 1967 

8

V between 1940 and 1967 

8

Visits: California 1961 March 20 to March 25 

8

Visits: England, Holland, and France 1961 April 9 to April 30 

8

Visits: Oak Ridge, Los Alamos, and Boulder 1961 February 12 to February 17 

8

Visits: Cooke, A.H. 1963 April 

8

von Hippel, Arthur R. between 1940 and 1967 

8

W between 1940 and 1967 

8

Walter, William T. between 1940 and 1967 

8

Waymouth, John F. between 1940 and 1967 

8

Western Michigan University between 1940 and 1967 

8

Y-Z between 1940 and 1967 

8

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 Series 3. MIT Course Notes and Student Work 

Box

Currents, Fields, and Particles 

8

Electrodynamics of free charges 1961 

8

Electrodynamics of space 

8

Magnetic properties of matter 1950-1951 

8

Mining and metallurgy colloquium 1936-1939 

8

Sophomore physics teaching 

8

Van Allen radiation belts 

8

Geophysics exams 1962 

8

MIT freshman seminar final 1962 

8

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 Series 4. Research Files 

Box

Research notes: general 

8

Research notes: adsorption in O 2 

8

Research notes: Bloch's equations 

9

Research notes: iron-clad magnets 

9

Research notes: low-temperature 1946 

9

Research notes: magnet No. 1 1935-1936 

9

Research notes: magnet No. 1, calibration 1939 

9

Research notes: magnet No. 2 1939 

9

Research notes: Harrison's Magnet No. 3 1939 

9

Research notes: magnet No. 4 1940 

9

Research notes: "Rat" Magnet 1940 

9

Research notes: plasma circa 1960 

9

Research notes: salem 1960-1961 

9

Research notes: superconductivity 

9

Research notes: susc. Meas. Theory 

9

Research notebooks: vector Math 

9

Research notebooks circa 1925 

9

Research notebooks: magnet substation log 1939-1940 

9

Research notebooks: nuclear magnetic resonance 1946-1948 

9

Research notebook 1947 

9

Research notebook circa 1948 

9

Research notebooks: solutions for NMR measurements 1948 

9

Research notebooks: permanent Magnetic Design 1952-1953 

9

Research notebooks: Berlin University 1925 to 1926 and 1952 to 1962 

9

Research notebooks: Laboratory for Electronics 1953-1955 

9

Research notebooks: magnet substation log 1953-1956 

9

Research notebooks: machine operations 1956-1962 

9

Research notebook circa 

9

Research computations: general 

9

Research computations: Curie Method 1939 

9

Research computations: double resonance 

9

Research computations: geocentric longitudes of the sun 

9

Research computations: Gony method - commercial aluminum and copper 

10

Research computations: Res. curves - Opt. expt. 

10

Dipole magnet drawing 

10

Graphs and charts 

10

Graphs and diagrams for slides 

10

Magnetic fields graphs and charts 1948 

10

Photographs 

10

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 Series 5. Professional Writings and Reprints 

Box

Miscellaneous 1958-1959 

10

Statistical Mechanics of Phase Changes 

10

Symmetry of Ferromagnetic Crystals 1933 

10

Design of Electromagnets 1936 

10

Introduction to Ferromagnetism 1937 

10

Atomic Arrangements in Alloys circa 1938 

10

High Pressures 1939 

10

Autobiographical fragments circa 1942 

10

Spins and Magnetic Moments 1947 

10

The Optical Detection of Radiofrequency Resonance 1949 

10

Nuclear Physics 1950 

10

Currents, Fields, and Particles 1956 

10

Fluorescent Lamp Analysis 1956 

10

Ferromagnetism circa 1958 

10

Magnetism, Encyclopedia Americana article 1958 

10

Magnets - Education of a Physicist 1959 

10

Magnets - fan mail 

10

An Analysis of the Plasma of Fluorescent Lamps circa 1960 

10

Magnetism, Harper's Encyclopedia of Science 1960 

10

Mathematics - Language of Physics 1960 

10

Subscriptions 1961 

10

New Development in High Magnetic Field Research 1961 

10

Magnetic Resonance in Radiating or Absorbing Atoms 1962 

10

Magnetic Fields 1962 

10

Water-cooled magnets 1962 

10

Strong Magnets 1962 

11

Aspects of Physics 1963 

11

The National Magnet Lab at MIT 1963 

11

Zeeman effect circa 1965 

11

Ultrastrong Magnetic Fields 1965 

11

The History of Intense Magnetic Fields and their Contributions to Physics 1966 

11

Megagauss in a Z-pinch 1967 

11

Reprints 1929-1967 

11

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 Series 6. Magnet Reprint Files 

Box

no author, A-B 

12

C-G 

13

H-L 

14

M-P 

15

Q-S 

16

T-Z 

17

Film depicting behavior of magnetic earth model in electron beam; experiments by Dr. Willard H. Bennett 

18 1

Currents, Fields, and Particles 1952 

18 2-4

Currents, Fields, and Particles, errata 1957 October 

18 5

The Foundations of Atomic Physics - lecture notes 1953-1954 

18 6-8

8:03 - chapters 5-8 problem solutions 

18 9

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