Guide to the Papers of Francis Amasa Walker
MC.0298

Summary Information

Repository
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Institute Archives and Special Collections
Creator
Walker, Francis Amasa, 1840-1897
Title
Francis Amasa Walker papers
ID
MC.0298
Date [inclusive]
1862-1897
Extent
3.8 cubic feet (9 manuscript boxes, 1 half manuscript box, 2 flat storage boxes, 3 volumes, each in enclosure)
Location
Materials are stored off-site. Advance notice is required for use.
Language
English
Abstract
Francis Amasa Walker (1840-1897) was the third president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1881-1897. This collection consists of correspondence, speeches, and writings by Walker, most of which he wrote while president of MIT. His speeches and writings focus on labor and capital, especially the silver standard, technical education, the student workload at MIT, and accounts of the Civil War. Scrapbooks contain newspaper clippings about Walker, several published letters he wrote, and telegrams he received. Also includes a printed version of the Census of 1810, interleaved with manuscript pages where the printed version is incomplete, and a printed volume of the Atlas of Massachusetts.

Citation

Francis Amasa Walker Papers, MC 298, box X. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Institute Archives and Special Collections, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

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Biography

Francis Amasa Walker, 1840-1897, BA 1860, Amherst College, was the third president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Walker became MIT president November 10, 1881; he died in office on January 5, 1897.

Francis Walker was an economist, lecturer, educator, and historian. Among the positions that he held were that of Superintendent of the Bureau of the Census. He was superintendent of the United States Ninth Census, 1870-1872, and the United States Tenth Census, 1879-1881. From 1873 to 1881 Walker was also professor of political economy and history in the Sheffield Scientific School of Yale University. During the Civil War he served with the Union Army from 1861 to 1865 and was discharged with the rank of brevet brigadier general. From 1884 to 1888 he served as a Commissioner to the U.S. Geological Survery for a topicalgraphical survery of Massachusetts which resulted in the publication of the Atlas of Massachusetts. He served in many other civic roles including as a member of the Massachusetts State Board of Education and the state hospital board, and as commissioner to the World's Columbian Exposition.

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Scope and Contents of the Collection

The collection consists of correspondence, speeches, and writings by Walker, most of which concern his presidency at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) from 1881 to 1897. His speeches and writings focus on economics topics of labor, capital, and especially the silver standard. Other topics are technical education, the student workload at MIT, and notes on his experiences during the Civil War and his thoughts on New England and the South after the war. Materials consist of original manuscripts and typescripts of Walker's writings and speeches. There are also many published memoirs about Walker and his endeavors written by others. Scrapbooks contain newspaper clippings about Walker, several published letters he wrote, and telegrams he received. The collection also includes a printed version of the Census of 1810, interleaved with manuscript pages where the printed version is incomplete, and a published volume of the Atlas of Massachusetts.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

 Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Institute Archives and Special Collections

MIT Libraries
Building 14N-118
77 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, Massachusetts, 02139-4307
617.253.5690
mithistory@mit.edu

Revision Description

  2011

Access note

The collection is open for research.

Intellectual Property Rights

Access to collections in the Institute Archives and Special Collections is not authorization to publish. Separate written application for permission to publish must be made to the Institute Archives.

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Related Materials

Related Materials in the Institute Archives and Special Collections

MIT Founders Collection (includes books of Francis A. Walker's personal collection gifted to the MIT Libraries). The books are housed in the Institute Archives & Special Collections. Titles can be searched in Barton, the MIT Libraries catalog.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Office of the President Records, 1883-1930 (AC 13).

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Francis A. Walker Memorial Service Committee Records (AC 344).

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Walker Memorial Gymnasium Committee Ledgers and Subscription List (AC 367).

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • United States. Census Office.

Personal Name(s)

  • Walker, Francis Amasa, 1840-1897

Subject(s)

  • Economics--Study and teaching.
  • Education--United States.
  • Geology --Massachusetts.
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology--History.
  • Presidents.

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Bibliography

Munroe, James P. A Life of Francis Amasa Walker. New York: Holt and Company, 1923. Pages 420-439 are a "Bibliography of the writings and reported addresses of Francis A. Walker."

MIT Institute Archives and Special Collections. "History of the Office of the MIT President."

Atlas of Massachusetts / from topographical surveys made in co-operation by the United States Geological Survey and the Commissioners of the Commonwealth, 1884-1888. http://library.mit.edu/item/000467388

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Collection Inventory

Box

Correspondence 1862-1879 

1

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Correspondence 1881-1882 

1

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Correspondence 1883 

1

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Correspondence 1884 

1

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Correspondence 1885 

1

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Correspondence 1886 

1

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Correspondence 1887 January-April 

1

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Correspondence 1887 May-December 

1

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Correspondence 1888 

1

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Correspondence 1889 

1

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Correspondence 1890 

1

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Correspondence 1891 

1

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Correspondence 1892 

1

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Correspondence 1893 

1

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Correspondence 1894 

2

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Correspondence 1895 

2

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Correspondence 1896-1897 

2

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Extracts from letters of alumni regarding their workload at MIT 1887-1888 

2

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Harvard Committee 1897 

2

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Log of Letters 1892 May 30 to 1896 December 23 

2

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Massachusetts Institute of Technology correspondence and memoranda 1967-1978 

2

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Billings, John S., "Biographical Memoir of Francis Amasa Walker" 1902 

3

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Bimetallic League, On the Death of Francis Amasa Walker 1897 

3

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Boston University Trustees, Statement on the Death of Francis Amasa Walker 1897 

3

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Haynes, Henry W., "Memorial of General Francis Amasa Walker," Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society 1897 

3

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Lowell, Francis C., "Memoir of Francis A. Walker, LL.D." 1900 

3

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Memoir of Hon. Amasa Walker, LL.D." 1888 

3

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Memorial Volume 1897 

3

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Memorials, general 1897 

3

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Tyler, H. W. "The Educational Work of Francis A. Walker," Educational Review 1897 

3

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Wright, Carroll D., "Francis Amasa Walker," Quarterly Publications of the American Statistical Association 1897 

3

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Yale Review, Memorial for Francis Amasa Walker 1897 

3

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Bibliography, on index cards 

3

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"Bibliography of the Writings and Reported Addresses of Francis A. Walker," Quarterly Publications of the American Statistical Association 1897 

3

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"The Arithmetical Process of the National Growth" undated 

3

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"Methods of Study" undated 

3

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On His Experiences in the Civil War and in New England After the War undated 

3

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"Savings Banks" undated 

4

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The Nature and Uses of Money and Mixed Currency with a History of the Wickaboag Bank 1857 

4

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"Mr. Grote's Theory of Democracy," Bibliotheca Sacra 1868 

4

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"The National Debt" 1869 

4

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"American Industry in the Census," "What to Do with the Surplus," "Our Population in 1900," "Mr. Bellamy and the New Nationalist Party," "The Eight-Hour Law Agitation" Atlantic Monthly 1869-1890 

4

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The Science of Wealth 1872 

4

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"The Wage Fund Theory," North American Review 1875 

4

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"Interview of the Select Committees - to Make Provisions for Taking the 10th Census," Senate Miscellaneous Document 26 1878 

4

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"The Monetary Conferences of 1867 and 1878, and the Future of Silver." Princeton Review 1879 

4

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"The Monetary Conferences of 1867 and 1878, and the Future of Silver," American Agriculture," American Manufactures," "The Principles of Taxation," "The Knights of Labor," Princeton Review 1879-1888 

5

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"Henry George's Social Fallacies," North American Review 1883 

5

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"Shall Silver Be Demonetized?" North American Review 1885 

5

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"Accounts of Richard Joseph," letter from the Secretary of the Interior, House Executive Document 127 1886 

5

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"Arithmetic in Primary and Grammar Schools" 1887 

5

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"Arithmetic in the Schools: Reply to Supervisor Peterson in the Boston School Board" 1887 

5

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"A Plea for Industrial Education in the Public School" 1887 

5

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"Socialism," "What Shall We Tell the Working Classes?" Scribener's Magazine 1887 

5

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"The Place Manual Training Should Occupy in a System of Public Schools," Addresses and Proceedings of the National Educational Association 1887 

5

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"The Socialists," "America's Fourth Centenary," "Democracy and Wealth," "The United States Census," "The Great Count of 1890," "The Census and the Colored Race," "Immigration and Degradation," The Forum 1887-1891 

5

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"Bases of Taxation," Political Science Quarterly 1888 

5

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Address before the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanics Association 1888 

5

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"A Reply to Mr. McVane: on the Source of Business Profits," Quarterly Journal of Economics 1888 

5

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"The Eleventh Census of the United States," Quarterly Journal of Economics 1888 

5

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"Efforts of the Manual Laboring Classes to Better Their Condition," "Recent Progress of Political Economy in the United States," "The Tide of Economic Thought," addresses to the American Economic Association 1888, 1890 

6

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Eulogy for Philip Sheridan, in A Memorial of Philip Henry Sheridan from the City of Boston 1889 

6

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"The Laborer and His Employer" 1889 

6

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On the Effects of the Civil War on the South circa 1890 

6

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Address to the Society of the Army of the Potomac 1890 

6

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"The Changes of the Year," Technology Quarterly 1890 

6

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"The Eight-Hour Law Agitation," Atlantic Monthly 1890 

6

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"Mr. Bellamy and the Nationalist Party" 1890 

6

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"Eulogy for Charles Devens," Boston Journal 1891 

6

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"Hancocks in the War of Rebellion" 1891 

6

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"Major General Charles Devens" 1891 

6

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"The Place of Scientific and Technical Schools in American Education," Technology Quarterly 1891 

6

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Report of the Trustees of the Massachusetts Hospital for Dipsomaniacs and Inebriates 1891 

6

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"Report on Congressional Apportionment," Senate Report #1962 1891 

6

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Cree, T. S. "A Criticism of the Theory of Trades' Unions" 1891 

6

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"The Place of Scientific and Technical Schools in American Education," Technology Quarterly 1891 

7

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"Growth and Distribution of Population in the United States," Chautauguan 1892 

7

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"Immigration," Yale Review 1892 

7

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Address at the Dedication of the Engineering Building at Pennsylvania State College 1893 

7

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"College Athletics," Technology Quarterly 1893 

7

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"Scientific and Technical Schools," Pennsylvania School Journal 1893 

7

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"The Technical Schools and the University," Atlantic Monthly 1893 

7

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"Value of Money," address to the American Economic Association 1893 

7

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"College Athletics," Technology Quarterly 1893 

7

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"Bimetallism," address to the Boot and Shoe Club 1894 

7

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Address before the New England Association of Colleges and Preparatory Schools 1894 

7

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Address on State House Reconstruction 1894 

7

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"International Bimetallism," address to the Liberal Club of Buffalo, N.Y. 1894 

7

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"The Relation of Manual Training to Certain Mental Defects," Journal of Proceedings of American Institute of Public Instruction 1895 

7

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"Restriction of Immigration," address to the Manufacturers' Club of Philadelphia 1895 

8

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"Bimetallism," address to the Springfield Board of Trade 1895 

8

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"The Growth of American Nationality," The Forum 1895 

8

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Address on Restriction of Immigration 1895 

8

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"Address by General Francis A. Walker," The Bimetallist 1896 

8

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"International Bimetallism: A Rejoinder," Yale Review 1896 

8

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"Technical Education" 1896 

8

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"Bimetallism in the United States," The Bimetallist 1896 

8

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"A criticism of the Right Honorable G. J. Shaw-Lefevre," The Bimetallist 1896 

8

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"Relation of Changes in the Volume of the Currency to Prosperity," Economic Studies 1896 

8

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"International Bimetallism," address to the Schoolmasters' Club of Massachusetts 1896 

9

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Teller, Henry M., "Revenue Not the Remedy," (Walker letter as an appendix) 1896 

9

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"The Monetary Situation," The Bimetallist 1896 

9

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"General Gibbon in the Second Corps" 1897 

9

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"Synopsis of Course of Lowell Lectures for 1897" 

9

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"Remarks of President Lowell at Washington," Quarterly Publications of the American Statistical Association 1897 

9

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"Discussion of Education Topics by President Francis A. Walker, of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, with some account of his life" 1898 

9

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"U.S. Centennial Commission, Report on Awards" 1876 

9

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Boston City Council Resolution in Thanks for Walker's Eulogy of General Philip H. Sheridan 1888 

9

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Weber, A. F., "Economists of Today," The New England Magazine 1899 

9

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Memorial Scrapbook 1897 

10

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Scrapbook I 1868-1878 

14

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Scrapbook II 1886-1896 

14

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Scrapbook III 1891-1896 

14

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Scrapbook IV 1889-1896 

14

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Ninth U.S. Census 1870, vol. 1, Population and Social Statistics 

11

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Ninth U.S. Census 1878, vol. 2, Vital Statistics 

12

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Ninth U.S. Census 1870, vol. 3, Statistics of the Wealth and Industry of the United States 

13

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Atlas of Massachusetts from topographical surveys made in co-ooperation by the United States Geological Survey and the Commissioners of the Commonweatlh, 1884-1888. U.S. Geologiocal Survey, J.W. Powell, Director; Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Francis A. Walker, Henry F. Whiting, N.S. Shaler, Commissioners. Boston: The Commission, 1890. 

15

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